The Urban Review

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 104–125 | Cite as

Toward an Ethnic Studies Pedagogy: Implications for K-12 Schools from the Research

  • Allyson Tintiangco-Cubales
  • Rita Kohli
  • Jocyl Sacramento
  • Nick Henning
  • Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath
  • Christine Sleeter


In direct contrast to Arizona’s criminalization of Ethnic Studies in Arizona, the San Francisco Unified School District’s Board of Education unanimously adopted a resolution to support Ethnic Studies in their schools. As schools across the country begin to place Ethnic Studies courses on their master schedules, the lack of preparation and education to support effective Ethnic Studies teaching has emerged as a problem. Therefore, the central questions addressed in this paper are: What is Ethnic Studies pedagogy? and What are its implications for hiring and preparing K-12 teachers? This is a conceptual article that builds upon existing research studies to investigate the pedagogy of effective K-12 teachers of Ethnic Studies. From this literature, we identify several patterns in their pedagogy: culturally responsive pedagogy, community responsive pedagogy and teacher racial identity development. We then tease out these components, briefly reviewing the literature for each, leading to a synthesized definition of Ethnic Studies pedagogy. We conclude the paper by providing recommendations for practice and research in the interest of preparing and supporting effective Ethnic Studies teaching in K-12 classrooms.


Ethnic Studies Teacher education Race Culturally responsive pedagogy Community responsive pedagogy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allyson Tintiangco-Cubales
    • 1
  • Rita Kohli
    • 2
  • Jocyl Sacramento
    • 3
  • Nick Henning
    • 4
  • Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath
    • 5
  • Christine Sleeter
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Asian American StudiesSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Education, Society and Culture, Graduate School of EducationUniversity of California, RiversideRiversideUSA
  3. 3.Graduate School of EducationUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  4. 4.Department of Secondary EducationCalifornia State University, FullertonFullertonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Elementary EducationSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  6. 6.Professor Emerita, College of Professional StudiesCalifornia State University, Monterey BayMontereyUSA

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