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Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease detected by transient elastography

Abstract

Purpose

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) shares a close relationship with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency of NAFLD in the patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods

This cross-sectional study included 80 patients with non-diabetic CKD, of which, 50 patients were on hemodialysis (HD) and 30 patients had CKD stage G3–5 not on dialysis. These patients were randomly selected from Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt. Patients with diabetes mellitus, obesity, alcohol intake, viral hepatitis, or drug-induced liver steatosis were excluded from this study. Importantly, the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) (dB/m) of liver steatosis (S0–S3) and liver stiffness/fibrosis measurement (F0–F4) were measured using transient elastography (Fibroscan®). Other evaluations included complete blood count, routine blood chemistry, and C-reactive protein (CRP) titer.

Results

In total, 45 (56.25%) (30 males, 15 females) out of total 80 studied patients were reported to have NAFLD. There were 29 patients with end-stage renal disease who were on regular HD and 16 patients with pre-dialysis CKD G3–5. The mean CAP values of hepatic steatosis in the patients with CKD on dialysis and patients with pre-dialysis CKD were 265.41 ± 52.73 and 259 ± 44.8 dB/m, respectively. A significant association between the severity of hepatic steatosis degree with decreased glomerular filtration rate and increased CKD stage was observed in this study. The degree of liver stiffness was significantly related to an increased hepatic steatosis grade. A significant positive correlation was found between the degree of NAFLD and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate transaminase, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and CRP titer (P < 0.05). Importantly, NAFLD was significantly associated with an evident history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among the studied patients.

Conclusion

A high frequency of NAFLD (56%) was observed among the patients with non-diabetic CKD on hemodialysis and patients with pre-dialysis CKD. NAFLD may be associated with an increased liver stiffness grade and CVD among those patients.

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Acknowledgements

No funding was received for conducting this study.

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Correspondence to Maha Abdelmoneim Behairy.

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Behairy, M.A., Sherief, A.F. & Hussein, H.A. Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease detected by transient elastography. Int Urol Nephrol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-021-02815-9

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Keywords

  • Hemodialysis
  • CKD
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver
  • Liver stiffness