Management of anxiety and depression in haemodialysis patients: the role of non-pharmacological methods

Abstract

Anxiety and depression in patients undergoing haemodialysis can be reduced by a variety of treatment methods, including pharmacological therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy, regular exercise and relaxation techniques, such as Benson’s relaxation method and acupressure treatment. Additionally, intradialytic exercise training programmes have a positive effect on patients’ physical and psychological functioning. Moreover, social support from family and social environment, spirituality and religiosity, tele- nursing programmes and participation in network support groups frequently lead to a reduction of anxiety and depressive symptoms in these people. Finally, the provision of education and information to dialysis patients by renal professionals and a systematic psychiatric evaluation of these individuals can lead to early diagnosis and treatment of depressive symptoms.

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Gerogianni, G., Babatsikou, F., Polikandrioti, M. et al. Management of anxiety and depression in haemodialysis patients: the role of non-pharmacological methods. Int Urol Nephrol 51, 113–118 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-018-2022-7

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Haemodialysis
  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy
  • Exercise
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Social support
  • Education