Nephrotoxicity of iodixanol versus iopamidol in patients undergoing peripheral angiography with or without endovascular therapy
To compare the nephrotoxic effects of iodixanol and iopamidol in patients undergoing peripheral angiography.
Patients scheduled for peripheral angiography were randomly assigned to the iodixanol group (n = 463) and iopamidol group (n = 458). The primary endpoint was the incidence of contrast associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI), which was defined as an increase ≥ 25% or ≥ 44.2 µmol/l (0.5 mg/dl) in serum creatinine (SCr) from baseline within 72 h after receiving contrast media (CM). The secondary endpoints were the mean peak SCr increase within 72 h after receiving CM and major adverse renal events (SCr increased by two times after 30 days, the need for dialysis treatment, rehospitalization for acute renal failure, or kidney-related death) during hospitalization and within 30 day postdischarge.
The incidence of CA-AKI did not differ significantly between the iodixanol group and iopamidol group (18.1% vs. 16.8%; p = 0.595). There was no significant difference in the mean peak SCr increase between the iodixanol group and iopamidol group (10.4 ± 13.0 vs. 10.6 ± 14.3 µmol/l, p = 0.919). There were four patients [1 (0.2%) patient in the iodixanol group and 1 (0.7%) patients in the iopamidol group, p = 0.609] with doubling of SCr; no other adverse renal events were observed.
Our data showed that the nephrotoxicity of iodixanol was comparable with that of iopamidol in patients undergoing peripheral angiography.
KeywordsContrast medium Contrast associated acute kidney injury Peripheral angiography
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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