Effect of renal transplantation on cognitive function in hemodialysis patients: a longitudinal study
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The literature notes high prevalence of cognitive function (CF) impairment among hemodialysis patients. Renal transplantation by reversing metabolic factors should improve cognitive function; however, results in post-transplant patients are inconsistent. Lack of longitudinal studies, variable and small patient population, variable renal function and post-transplantation period and use of non-specific tests make results difficult to interpret. We looked at CF in stable hemodialysis patients just prior to live renal transplantation and approximately 3 months subsequently using well-validated electrophysiological study of P300 cognitive potential obtained by auditory oddball paradigm using multiple scalp electrodes.
Ten healthy age- and gender-matched controls (group 1) and 20 end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) male patients on maintenance hemodialysis with no other comorbidities that affect CF were studied before (group 2) and 3 months after successful transplantation (group 3).
ESKD population had mean age of 29.7 ± 7.5 years, with mean dialysis vintage and post-transplant period being 10.3 ± 6.9 and 3.2 ± 0.4 months, respectively. Mean P300 latencies in groups 1, 2 and 3 were 319 ± 33.6, 348.6 ± 27.8 and 316.4 ± 33.4 ms, respectively (P < 0.001 group 1 vs 2 and group 2 vs 3; group 1 vs 3 NS). Mean P300 amplitude in groups 1, 2 and 3 was 27.9 ± 12.8, 13.4 ± 8.6 and 14.6 ± 9.4 µV, respectively (P < 0.001 group 1 vs 2 and group 1 vs 3; group 2 vs 3 NS). P300 latencies correlated negatively with hemoglobin and serum albumin.
ESKD patients have impaired CF as documented by prolonged P300 latencies. There was normalization of P300 latencies post-transplantation indicating role of uremic toxins in CF impairment.
KeywordsAlbumin Chronic kidney disease Evoked-related potential P300 Cognitive function
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflict of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.
The institutional ethics committee approved the study, and written informed consent was obtained from all the study subjects.
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