Urban Ecosystems

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 23–36 | Cite as

A case study of urban ecological networks and a sustainable city: Tehran’s metropolitan area

  • Behnaz Aminzadeh
  • Mahdi Khansefid


The aim of this study is to propose the application of landscape ecology in planning urban ecological networks to conserve nature in urban landscapes and to develop a sustainable use of urban lands. Compared to the classical planning approach based on socio-economic land suitability, the principles of landscape ecology are helpful simultaneously conserving the ecological processes of landscapes and their steady changes. This approach could help in defining sustainable landscape development, aiming for a balance between both physical and natural systems in urban areas. This research is focused on the ecological networks in Tehran’s metropolitan area as a case study to provide a model for network planning in other urban areas, where urbanization seriously threats the natural environment. In concluding this research, the spatial structure and function of the area are studied and categorized based on the patch-corridor-matrix model. The paper concludes with methods of intervention and suggestions for the structural and functional improvement of urban landscapes towards achieving a more sustainable form of land use planning.


Natural systems Ecological urban networks Landscape planning Patches and corridors Tehran metropolitan area 



This paper is based on the findings of a research project carried out at the Center of Excellence for the Sustainable Urban Development of the University of Tehran with the financial support of the Vice-Chancellor for Research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Urban PlanningCollege of Fine Arts, University of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.College of Fine Arts, University of TehranTehranIran

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