Instructional Science

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 679–707 | Cite as

Charting the routes to revision: An interplay of writing goals, peer comments, and self-reflections from peer reviews

  • Fuhui Zhang
  • Christian D. SchunnEmail author
  • Alok Baikadi


Building upon self-regulated learning theories, we examined the nature of student writing goals and the relationship of these writing goals to revision alone and in combination with two other important sources of students’ self-regulated revision—peer comments on their writing, and reflections for their own writing obtained from reviewing others’ writing. Data were obtained from a large introductory undergraduate class in the context of two 1000-word writing assignments involving online peer review and a required revision. We began with an investigation of students’ free response learning goals and a follow-up quantitative survey about the nature and structure of these writing goals. We found that: (a) students tended to create high-level substantive goals more often, (b) students change their writing goals across papers even for a very similar assignment, and (c) their writing goals divide into three dimensions: general writing goals, genre writing goals, and assignment goals. We then closely coded and analyzed the relative levels of association of revision changes with writing goals, peer comments, reflections from peer review, and combinations of these sources. Findings suggest that high-level revisions are commonly associated with writing goals, are especially likely to occur for combinations of the three sources, and peer comments alone appeared to make the largest contributions to revision.


Goal setting Self-regulated learning Reflection Peer review Revision 



Work on this project was funded by grants R305A120370 from the Institute of Education Sciences and 17BYY106 from the China National Social Science Fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuhui Zhang
    • 1
  • Christian D. Schunn
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alok Baikadi
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Foreign LanguagesNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Learning Research and Development CenterUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Learning Research and Development CenterUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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