Effect of biotin supplementation on milk yield of Girolando cows reared in a tropical climate

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of biotin supplementation on milk yield and the reproductive efficiency in Girolando cows. The study was conducted on a dairy farm located in central Brazil, between April 2012 and December 2016. Thirty-six Girolando cows in their first lactation were used. The cows were distributed in two treatment groups, each with equivalent weight distributions. Control treatment (CT) cows (n = 18) received a diet without any supplemental biotin, whereas biotin treatment (BT) cows (n = 18) received a diet supplemented with 20 mg/day of biotin during lactation. Biotin supplementation caused a significant increase (p = 0.001) in milk yield in the second lactation, and a trend (p = 0.09) toward higher average production during the three lactations was evaluated. There was no statistically significant difference between the treatments in terms of reproductive efficiency. In conclusion, biotin supplementation (20 mg/day) during lactation for Girolando cows reared in a tropical climate is able to increase milk yield, but does not improve reproductive efficiency.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG) for providing scholarships during the study.

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Correspondence to P. J. B. Queiroz.

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This research was approved by the Ethics Committee on Animal Use (CEUA-UFG), protocol no. 150/2010.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Queiroz, P.J.B., Silva, D.C., Borges, P.A.C. et al. Effect of biotin supplementation on milk yield of Girolando cows reared in a tropical climate. Trop Anim Health Prod 51, 1661–1665 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01862-w

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Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Lactation
  • Pregnancy
  • Production
  • B-complex
  • Vitamin B7