The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of biotin supplementation on milk yield and the reproductive efficiency in Girolando cows. The study was conducted on a dairy farm located in central Brazil, between April 2012 and December 2016. Thirty-six Girolando cows in their first lactation were used. The cows were distributed in two treatment groups, each with equivalent weight distributions. Control treatment (CT) cows (n = 18) received a diet without any supplemental biotin, whereas biotin treatment (BT) cows (n = 18) received a diet supplemented with 20 mg/day of biotin during lactation. Biotin supplementation caused a significant increase (p = 0.001) in milk yield in the second lactation, and a trend (p = 0.09) toward higher average production during the three lactations was evaluated. There was no statistically significant difference between the treatments in terms of reproductive efficiency. In conclusion, biotin supplementation (20 mg/day) during lactation for Girolando cows reared in a tropical climate is able to increase milk yield, but does not improve reproductive efficiency.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Bergsten, C., Greenough, P.R., Gay, J.M., Seymour, W.M. and Gay, C.C., 2003. Effects of biotin supplementation on performance and claw lesions on a commercial dairy farm, Journal of Dairy Science, 86, 3953–3962.
Canaza-Cayo, A.W., Lopes, P.S., Silva, M.V.G.B., Cobuci, J.A., Torres, R.A., Martins, M.F. and Arbex, W.A., 2014. Estrutura populacional da raça Girolando, Ciência Rural, 44, 2072–2077.
Canesin, R.C., Berchielli, T.T., Andrade, P., Reis, R.A., 2007. Desempenho de bovinos de corte mantidos em pastagem de capim-marandu submetidos a diferentes estratégias de suplementação no período das águas e da seca, Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 36, 411–420.
Chen, B., Wang, C. and Liu, J.X., 2012. Effects of dietary biotin supplementation on performance and hoof quality of Chinese Holstein dairy cows, Livestock Science, 148, 168–173.
Costa, K.A.P., Rosa, B., Oliveira, I.P., Custódio, D.P, Silva, D.C., 2005. Efeito da estacionalidade na produção de matéria seca e composição bromatológica da Brachiaria brizantha cv Marandu, Ciência Animal Brasileira, 6, 187–193.
Enjalbert, F., Nicot, M.C. and Packington, A.J., 2008. Effects of peripartum biotin supplementation of dairy cows on milk production and milk composition with emphasis on fatty acids profile, Livestock Science, 114, 287–295.
Ferreira, G. and Weiss, W.P., 2007. Effect of biotin on activity and gene expression of biotin-dependent carboxylases in the liver of dairy cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 1460–1466.
Ferreira, G., Weiss, W.P. and Willett, L.B., 2007. Changes in measures of biotin status do not reflect milk yield responses when dairy cows are fed supplemental biotin, Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 1452–1459.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Live Animals – Cattle. In: FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2018. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QA. Accessed 05 May 2018.
Majee, D.N., Schwab, E.C., Bertics, S.J., Seymour, W.M. and Shaver, R.D., 2003. Lactation performance by dairy cows fed supplemental biotin and a B-vitamin blend, Journal of Dairy Science, 86, 2106–2112.
Miller, N., Delbecchi, L., Petitclerc, D., Wagner, G.F., Talbot, B.G. and Lacasse, P., 2006. Effect of stage of lactation and parity on mammary gland cell renewal, Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 4669–4677.
National Research Council (NRC), 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animal: Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th ed. (National Academy of Science, Washington).
Rosendo, O., Staples, C.R., McDowell, L.R., McMahon, R., Badinga, L., Martin, F.G., Shearer, J.F., Seymour, W.M. and Wilkinson, N.S., 2004. Effects of biotin supplementation on peripartum performance and metabolites of holstein cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 87, 2535–2545.
Said, H.M., 2002. Biotin: the forgotten vitamin, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 75, 179–180.
Schwab, E.C., Schwab, C.G., Shaver, R.D., Girard, C.L., Putnam, D.E. and Whitehouse NL., 2006. Dietary forage and nonfiber carbohydrate contents influence B-vitamin intake, duodenal flow, and apparent ruminal synthesis in lactating dairy cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 174–187.
Zimmerly, C.A. and Weiss, W.P., 2001. Effects of supplemental dietary biotin on performance of holstein cows during early lactation, Journal of Dairy Science, 84, 498–506.
The authors thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG) for providing scholarships during the study.
Statement of animal rights
This research was approved by the Ethics Committee on Animal Use (CEUA-UFG), protocol no. 150/2010.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Queiroz, P.J.B., Silva, D.C., Borges, P.A.C. et al. Effect of biotin supplementation on milk yield of Girolando cows reared in a tropical climate. Trop Anim Health Prod 51, 1661–1665 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01862-w
- Vitamin B7