Skip to main content
Log in

Analysis of domestic animal movements in Colombia (2006–2014) and their possible influence on the bovine brucellosis spread

  • Regular Articles
  • Published:
Tropical Animal Health and Production Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Bovine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes great economic losses. The disease is endemic in Colombia and animal movements from infected herds carry a risk of introduction to other herds. With the objective of analyzing the animal movements and determining their relationship with bovine brucellosis, we performed a descriptive analysis of the space–time movement of livestock in Colombia between 2006 and 2014. Multiple linear regression models (MLR) were employed to determine the relationship between brucellosis status and animal movements at the province level. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis in cattle was the dependent variable, and a total of 14 independent variables related to location, year, census, and animal movements were included. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis was significantly affected by the province (F = 3.42; P < 0.001), the year (F = 9.03; P < 0.001), and bovine (F = 5.45; P = 0.02) and equine movements (F = 3.8; P = 0.053). Fewer cattle and more horses entered provinces with high prevalence than those with low prevalence, indicating the possible relationship between the animal movements and the brucellosis infection in the country.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others


Download references


The authors would like to thank the Colombian official veterinary service for providing information and for supporting the development of this study. Liliana Cardenas holds a Ph.D. grant from the Ministry of Education in Colombia (COLCIENCIAS 617/2013 scholarship). The authors also wish to thank Dr. Jose Maria Blasco for his useful advice on this paper.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Liliana Cárdenas.

Ethics declarations

The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Electronic supplementary material


(XLSX 10 kb)


(XLSX 10 kb)


(XLSX 9 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cárdenas, L., Cañas-Álvarez, J.J., Vázquez, A. et al. Analysis of domestic animal movements in Colombia (2006–2014) and their possible influence on the bovine brucellosis spread. Trop Anim Health Prod 51, 383–388 (2019).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: