Determinants of adoption of alternative response to foot and mouth disease: micro-level evidence of smallholder pastoralist in north East District, Botswana

Abstract

This paper examines factors influencing the adoption of alternative response to Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) among smallholder beef producers in the dry lands of Africa, specifically, North East district in Botswana. Principal component analysis was used to categorise FMD responses. Thereafter, a multivariate probit regression model was used to examine the effect of socioeconomic and institutional factors on the adoption of alternative responses to FMD. The study found that household size, opportunity cost incurred, frequency of contact with extension officers, training received on FMD, distance to the nearest market, as well as distance to grazing and water areas had a positive effect on the adoption of alternative responses to the outbreak. We conclude that although producers are aware of the detriments of FMD to their livelihoods, some still choose not to adopt the responses and socioeconomic and institutional characteristics play a role.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Zone 6b comprises of cattle keepers along the border, east of the railway line which protects Zone 6a (west of the railway line) from FMD outbreaks.

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Correspondence to Oscar Ingasia Ayuya.

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Masole, C., Ayuya, O.I. & Moreki, J.C. Determinants of adoption of alternative response to foot and mouth disease: micro-level evidence of smallholder pastoralist in north East District, Botswana. Trop Anim Health Prod 51, 373–382 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-1698-0

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Keywords

  • Adoption
  • Alternative responses
  • Botswana
  • Dry lands
  • Foot and mouth disease
  • Multivariate probit