Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 1295–1303 | Cite as

Production systems of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in the urban communities of southwestern Nigeria

  • Jelili Olaide Saka
  • Ajoke Oyegbami
  • Isaiah Annayochukwu Okere
  • Adeboye Joseph Omole
  • James Oyegoke Fayenuwo
Regular Articles


The study was conducted to examine the management practices and constraints associated with quail production in southwestern Nigeria. Data were collected through a survey of 113 quail bird farmers selected by multi-stage sampling technique from three states of southwestern Nigeria. Data were analyzed mainly by descriptive statistics with values compared across states using relevant statistics at certain instances. The results show that quail farming is a relatively new enterprise with farmers’ average year of experience estimated as 4.52 years. Production was predominantly for the sale of eggs and table birds (46.90%). They were reared under intensive system (87.61%) and in deep litters (53.10%). Birds were commonly reared with chicken (71.03% of the farmers). Foundation stocks were sourced from commercial farms (33.63%) and hatcheries (25.66%), while birds were fed on compounded feed by 73.45% of the farmers in the morning and evening (55.75%). Veterinary support services were sought occasionally by 76.99% of the farmers while 55.7 and 40.71% of the farmers vaccinated and dewormed their birds, respectively. Disease incidence was generally low across the states with incidence in 13.27% of the farms with associated mortality of 2.05%. Quail eggs and birds were predominantly sold at farm gate (81.42%) at average prices of N632.94 per crate and N584.09 per bird respectively. Notable constraints were inadequate technical knowledge on feed formulation, difficulty in meat processing and marketing, which need to be addressed for upscaling the technology.


Quail Management system Marketing channels Constraints 



The authors wish to acknowledge the fund provided by the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Ibadan, under its Internally Funded Projects for 2013.


This study received funding support from the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training as part of the Internally Funded Project for 2013.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Adeogun, I.O. and Adeoye, A.A., 2004. Heritabilities and phenotypic correlations of growth performance traits in Japanese quails. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 16 (12). 16103.htm
  2. Akinola, A.A., Alene, A.D., Adeyemo, R., Sanogo, D., Olanrewaju, A.S., Nwoke, C. and Nziguheba, G., 2010. Determinants of adoption and intensity of use of balance nutrient management systems technologies in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, 49(1), 25–45.Google Scholar
  3. Aromolaran Adetayo, K., Ademiluyi, I.O. and Itebu, O.J., 2013. Challenges of small poultry farms in layer production in Ibadan Oyo State Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 13(2), 4–11.Google Scholar
  4. Arslan, A., McCarthy, N., Lipper, L., Asfaw, S. and Cattaneo, A., 2014. Adoption and intensity of adoption of conservation farming practices in Zambia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 187, 72–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bakoji, I., Aliyu, M.K., Haruna, U., Jibril, S.A., Sani, R.M. and Danwanka, H., 2013. Economic analysis of quails bird (Cortunix cortunix) production in Bauchi local government area, Bauchi state, Nigeria. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 2(12), 420–425.Google Scholar
  6. Balarabe, R.M. and Ejiofor, C. 2015. The prospects and limitations of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) production in Nigeria- a review. International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research, 3, 920–926.Google Scholar
  7. Bamire, A.S., Fabiyi, Y.L. and Manyong, V.M., 2002. Adoption pattern of fertilizer technology among farmers in the ecological zones of South-Western Nigeria: A Tobit analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 53, 901–910.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barwa, E., 2009. Increasing household protein consumption through minilivestock production in Nigeria. The Information Manager, 9 (2), 10–14.Google Scholar
  9. Emokaro, C.O. and Eweka K.I., 2015. A comparative analysis of profitability of broiler production systems in urban areas of Edo State, Nigeria.
  10. FMA&NR. 1997. Nigeria: National Agricultural Research Strategy Plan: 1996-2010. B. Shaib, Adam Y. Aliyu and J.S. Bakshi (eds.) Department of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Abuja , Nigeria.Google Scholar
  11. Hardouin, J., Thys, E., Joiris, V. and Fielding, D., 2003. Mini-livestock breeding with indigenous species in the tropics. Livestock Research for Rural Development (15) 4. /4/hard154.htm
  12. Isaac, A.T. and Thomas, A.A., 2016. Profitability of quail bird’s production fed various levels of protein using soybean meal as the main protein source. International Journal of Science and Applied Research, 1(1), 126–131.Google Scholar
  13. Jabil, I.Y., Yisa, A.G., Sylvester, I.J., Ayatse, H.I. and Toro, I.A., 2016. A study of mortality in layer chickens and its effect on famers’ income in Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State. International Journal of Science and Applied Research, 1(1), 9–16.Google Scholar
  14. Nasar, A., Rahman, A., Hoque, N., Talukder, A.K. and Das, Z.C., 2016. A survey of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) farming in selected areas of Bangladesh. Veterinary World, 9(9), 940.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. NVRI, 1994. Farmer training guide on quail production and health management. National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Nigeria. Pp.44.Google Scholar
  16. Obayelu, A.E., Okuneye, P.A., Shittu, A.M., Afolami, C.A. and Dipeolu, A.O., 2016. Determinants and the perceived effects of adoption of sustainable improved food crop technologies by smallholder farmers along the value chain in Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, 110(1), 155–172.Google Scholar
  17. Odunsi, A.A., A.A. Rotimi and Amao, E.A., 2007. Effect of different vegetable protein sources on growth and laying performance of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) in a derived Savannah zone of Nigeria. World Applied Sciences Journal, 3 (5), 567–571.Google Scholar
  18. Ogoke, C.M., 2009. Agricultural insurance in present and future agricultural development in Niger State, Nigeria. Agriculture Systems in Africa, 5 (2), 45–50.Google Scholar
  19. Oladeebo, J.O. and Ambe-Lamidi, A.I., 2007. Profitability, input elasticities and economic efficiency of poultry production among youth farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6(12), 994–998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Olaseni, O., Agbeja, B.O. and Adeyoju, S.K., 2004. Dynamics of forest revenue system collections and forestry development in Ondo State, Nigeria, between 1991 and 2000. Food Agriculture and Environment, 2 (1), 365–369.Google Scholar
  21. Onyewuchi, U.U., Offor, I.R. and Okoli, C.F., 2013. Profitability of quail bird and egg production in Imo State Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 9(1), 40–44.Google Scholar
  22. Otunaiya, A.O., Adeyonu, A.G. and Bamiro, O.M., 2015. Technical efficiency of poultry egg production in Ibadan Metropolis,Oyo State, Nigeria. Economics, 4(3), 50–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Razee, A., Mahbub, A.S.M., Miah, M.Y., Hasnath, M.R., Hasan, M.K., Uddin, M.N. and Belal, S.A., 2016. Performance of Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) on Floor and Cage Rearing System in Sylhet, Bangladesh: Comparative Study. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 6(4), 931–936.Google Scholar
  24. Sani, R.M., Tahir, I. and Kushwaha, S., 2000. Economics of poultry production in Bauchi State: A case study of Bauchi Local Government Area. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 27, 109–113.Google Scholar
  25. Tarhyel, R., Hena, S.A. and Tanimomo, B.K., 2012. Effects of age on organ weight and carcass characteristics of Japanese quail (Coturnix Japonica). Scientific Journal of Agricultural, 1(1), 21–26.Google Scholar
  26. Timothy, A.J., Saddiq, N.M., Gomina, A., Dawan, C.N. and Dodo, E.Y., 2016. An assessment of risk mitigating strategies employed by poultry farmers in Kaduna Metropolis of Kaduna State, Nigeria: attitudinal scale approach. Journal of Animal Production Research, 28 (2), 261–269.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jelili Olaide Saka
    • 1
  • Ajoke Oyegbami
    • 1
  • Isaiah Annayochukwu Okere
    • 1
  • Adeboye Joseph Omole
    • 1
  • James Oyegoke Fayenuwo
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Agricultural Research and TrainingMoor PlantationIbadanNigeria

Personalised recommendations