Influence of dietary chromium yeast supplementation on apparent trace elements metabolism in growing camel (Camelus dromedarius) reared under hot summer conditions
- 133 Downloads
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary chromium (Cr) supplementation on the apparent metabolism of some trace elements in camel calves reared under hot summer conditions. The study was conducted on a total of 15 male camel calves (5–6 months old) reared under hot summer conditions for 12 weeks. The animals were housed individually under shelter and divided into three dietary treatment groups (diets supplemented with 0.0, 0.5, or 1.0 mg Cr/kg DM), five animals each. At the end of the study, a metabolic trial was conducted on all camels for the evaluation of trace elements metabolism. Cr excretion, absorption, and retention showed an increasing trend with the increasing level of dietary Cr supplementation. Dietary Cr supplementation at 0.5 mg Cr/kg DM to camel calves resulted in a significant (P < 0.05) increase in Cu and an increasing trend in Zn and Mn excretion via urine and feces. However, Fe retention increased significantly (P < 0.05) in camel calves fed on diet supplemented with Cr. Dietary Cr supplementation to camel calves resulted in an increasing trend of plasma Cr concentration, while plasma concentration of Cu and Zn tended to decrease and without any effect on plasma Fe concentration. The results of the present study suggests that care should be taken for the negative interaction of Cr with the utilization of other trace elements, in cases where Cr is supplemented to the diet as a feed additive to promote growth and immunity under hot climatic conditions.
KeywordsCamel Chromium Heat stress Trace elements
The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this work through research group No (RGP-VPP-171).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement of ethical approval
The animal experiment was conducted according to the ethics regulations of research on living creatures approved by the ethics committee at King Saud University.
- Abdoun, K.A., Alsofi, M.A., Samara, E.M., Alhidary, I.A., Okab, A.B. and Al-Haidary, A.A., 2015. Evaluation of the effects of chromium supplementation on growth and nitrogen balance of camel calves under summer conditions, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47, 619–621CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Biswas, P, Haldar, S, Pakhira, M.C., Ghosh, T.K. and Biswas, C. 2006. Efficiency of nutrient utilization and reproductive performance of pre-pubertal anestrous dairy heifers supplemented with inorganic and organic chromium compounds, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86, 804–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Faye, B. and Bengoumi, M. 1997. Comparative study of trace elements status in camel and cow, Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 4, 213–215Google Scholar
- Faye, B., Seboussi, R. and Askar, M., 2008. Trace elements and heavy metals status in Arabian camel. In: B. Faye and Y. Sinyavskiy (eds.), Impact of Pollution on Animal Products, Springer Science and Business Media B. V., 97–106Google Scholar
- Feng, W., Li, B., Liu, J., Chai, Z., Zhang, P., Gao, Y. and Zhao, J., 2003. Study of chromium-containing proteins in subcellular fractions of rat liver by enriched stable isotopic tracer technique and gel filtration chromatography, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 375, 363–368CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gralak, M.A., 2002. Absorption of certain trace elements in different nutritional conditions. In: R. Zabielski, P.C. Gregory and B. Westrom (eds.), Biology of the intestine in growing animals, Biology ofGrowing Animals, 1:597–604Google Scholar
- Hooth, M.J., 2009. Technical report on toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of sodium dichromate dihydrate (CAS No. 7789-12-0) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice, (Diane Publishing Co, Collingdale, US)Google Scholar
- Kumar, M., Kaur, H., Tyagi, A., Mani, V., Deka, R.S., Chandra, G. and Sharma, V.K., 2013. Assessment of chromium content of feedstuffs, their estimated requirement, and effects of dietary chromium supplementation on nutrient utilization, growth performance, and mineral balance in summer-exposed buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis), Biological Trace Element Research, 155, 29–37CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kumar, M., Kaur, H., Mani, V., Deka, R.S., Tyagi, A.K., Chandra, G., Dang, A.K. and Kushwaha, R., 2017. Supplemental chromium in cold-stressed buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis): effects on growth performance, nutrient utilization and cell mediated and humoral immune response, Veterinarski Arhiv, 87, 441–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Raziq, A., Younas, M. and Kakar, M.A., 2008. Camel: a potential dairy animal in difficult environments, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45, 263–267Google Scholar
- Sahin, K., Sahin, N., Guler, T., Cercim, I.H. and Erkal, N., 1996. Effect of chromium on animals grazing around the Elazig Ferrokrom Factory, Saglik-Bilimleri-Dergisi, 10, 259–263Google Scholar
- Saudi General Authority for Statistics, 2015. Detailed results of agriculture census, (Ministry of Agriculture, Riyadh)Google Scholar
- Vincent, J.B. and Bennett, R., 2007. Potential and purported roles for chromium in insulin signaling: The search for the Holy Grail. In: J.B. Vincent (ed), The nutritional biochemistry of chromium (III). Amsterdam, Elsevier, 139–162Google Scholar
- Xu, X., Liu, L., Long, S., Piao, X., Ward, T.L. and Ji, F., 2017. Effects of chromium methionine supplementation with different sources of zinc on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality, serum metabolites, endocrine parameters, and the antioxidant status in growing-finishing pigs, Biological Trace Element Research, 179, 70–78CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Zade, S., Mani, V., Deka, R.S., Kumar, M., Kaur, H., Kewalramani, N.J. and Tyagi, A.K., 2014. Energy metabolites, lipid variables and lactation performance of periparturient Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) fed on diet supplemented with inorganic chromium, Biological Trace Element Research, 159, 115–127CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar