Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 1479–1487 | Cite as

Do traditional sheep breeders perform conscious selection? An example from a participatory breeding program of Morada Nova sheep

  • Janaina Kelli Gomes Arandas
  • Ângelo Giuseppe Chaves Alves
  • Olivardo Facó
  • Ernandes Barboza Belchior
  • Luciana Shiotsuki
  • Paulo Márcio Barbosa de Arruda Leite
  • Maria Norma Ribeiro
Regular Articles

Abstract

The implementation of sustainable breeding programs requires genetic breeding strategies that are appropriate for the reality production systems. It is also essential that the choice of animal selection criteria be based on breeders’ knowledge and objectives. This work is an ethno-zootechnical study of the Morada Nova sheep breed and its crossbreeds. The goals of this study were to register and analyze indigenous breeders’ knowledge and practices regarding animal selection criteria and to generate technical information to support a participatory breeding program of the breed. This study was conducted in the Morada Nova municipality in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were evaluated using two groups of individuals, purebred Morada Nova sheep breeders (RMN, n = 13) and breeders of Morada Nova crossbreeds (MMN, n = 48). Interview questions were used to identify local selection criteria adopted by each group in the choice of animals for breeding. Data from the interviews were submitted to frequency distribution analysis and the Shapiro-Wilk test to verify their distribution. Later, the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the two groups of farmers based on that information, in addition to multivariate statistical analysis and evaluation of Smith salience index. Breeders in the RMN group used selection criteria related to breed standards, such as pelage color. In contrast, breeders of the MMN group used criteria related to productivity, such as body conformation and milk production. Breeders should be engaged in the development of breeding programs, and it is important to consider their preferences and objectives when evaluating breeding animals.

Keywords

Ethno-zootechnical Selection criteria Genetic resources Multivariate analysis 

References

  1. Abera, B., Kebede, K. and Gizaw, S., 2014. Indigenous breeding practices and selection criteria of sheep breed in Selale area, Central Ethiopia, International Journal of Livestock Research, 4, 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albuquerque, U.P., Lucena, R.F.P. and Cunha, V.F.C., 2010. Métodos e Técnicas na Pesquisa Etnobiologica e Etnoecologica, Nuppea, Recife, PE.Google Scholar
  3. Alencar, M. M. 2002. Critérios de seleção em bovinos de corte. (Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste. Campo Grande).Google Scholar
  4. Alves, A.G.C., Pires, D.A. F and Ribeiro, M.N., 2010. Conhecimento local e produção animal: Uma perspectiva baseada na Etnozootecnia, Archivos de Zootecnia, 59, 45–56 .Google Scholar
  5. Analytic Technologies Inc. 2003. Visual Anthropac 1.0.1.36. Software for Cultural Domain Analysis: Freelists. http://www.analytictech.com/ Accessed: 10 May 2014.
  6. Arandas, J.K.G., 2017. Etnozootecnia da raça ovina Morada Nova em seu centro de origem: história, critérios de seleção e sistema de produção. Tese (Doutorado) – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Programa de Doutorado Integrado em Zootecnia, Recife, 140.Google Scholar
  7. Ayalew, W., Rischkowsky, B., King, J.M. and Bruns, E, 2003. Crossbreds did not generate more net benefits than indigenous goats in Ethiopian smallholdings, Agricultural Systems, 76, 1137–1156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ayantunde, A., Kango, M., Hiernaux, P., Udo, H.M.J. & Tabo, R. 2007. Herders’ perceptions on ruminant livestock breeds and breeding management in southwestern Niger. Human Ecology, 36: 139–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bett, R.C., Kosgey, I.S., Kahi, A.K. and Peters, K.J., 2009. Analysis of production objectives and breeding practices of dairy goats in Kenya, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41, 307–320CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Campos, R.T., 2003. Tipologia dos produtores de ovinos e caprinos no estado do Ceará, Revista Econômica do Nordeste, 34, 1.Google Scholar
  11. Carolino, N. and Castro, A., 2009. Actividades das sociedades ibéricas de recursos genéticos animais, Archivos de Zootecnia, 481, 484–558.Google Scholar
  12. Chacón, C.M., 2008. Conservación voluntaria por la sociedad civil en Costa Rica. In: Asociación conservación de la naturaleza. Voluntad de conserver, 2008 (Experiência seleccionadas de conservación por la sociedad civil en Iberoamérica, San José, Costa Rica), 5–11.Google Scholar
  13. Darwin, C., 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. (Murray, London).Google Scholar
  14. Darwin, C., 1868. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. (2 vols. Murray, London).Google Scholar
  15. Darwin, C., 1875. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. (Ed. 2. 2 vols. Murray, London).Google Scholar
  16. Domingues, O., 1941. Carneiro deslanado de Morada Nova, Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira de Agronomia, 122, 1941–1944.Google Scholar
  17. Dossa, L.H., Sangaré, M., Buerkert, A. and Schlecht, E., 2015. Production objectives and breeding practices of urban goat and sheep keepers in West Africa: Regional analysis and implications for the development of supportive breeding programs, Springerplus, 4, 281.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Drucker, A.G., Gómez, V. & Anderson, S. 2001. The economic valuation of farm animal genetic resources: a survey of available methods. Ecological Economics, 36, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. FAO. Animal genetic resources a safety net for the future, 2009. http://www.fao.org/nr/cgrfa/cthemes/animals/en/. Accessed: 10 May 2014
  20. Fernandes, A. A. O., 1992. Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for growth, survival and reproductive traits in Morada Nova hair sheep, (PhD thesis, Oklahoma State University)Google Scholar
  21. Gavigan, R.G. and Parker, W.J., 1997. Sheep breeding objectives and selection: 492 criteria of Wairarapa and Tararua sheep breeders. In: Proceeding of the 493rd New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 57, 33–36.Google Scholar
  22. Gebreyesus, G., Haile, A., Dessie, T., 2013. Breeding scheme based on community-based participatory analysis of local breeding practices, objectives and constraints for goats around Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25, 3.Google Scholar
  23. Getachew, T., Haile, A. and Tibbo, M., 2010. Herd management and breeding practices of sheep owners in a mixed crop-livestock and a pastoral system of Ethiopia, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 685, 691–695.Google Scholar
  24. Gizaw, S., Komen, H. and van Arendonk, J., 2010. Participatory definition of breeding objectives and selection indexes for sheep breeding in traditional systems, Livestock Science, 128, 67–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. González-Vázquez, J. A, Vázquez-Martínez L., Enríquez-García F and Cuautle-García, L.M., 2015. Criterios de selección empleados en ovinos de reemplazo en sistemas tradicionales de la sierra norte de Puebla, AICA, 286, 293–296.Google Scholar
  26. Hofstede, G. 1997. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, London: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  27. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), 2014. Morada Nova/Ceará- dados gerais.Google Scholar
  28. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), 2015. Morada Nova/Ceará- dados gerais.Google Scholar
  29. Instituto de Pesquisa e Estratégia Econômica do Ceará (IPECE), 2014. Perfil Básico Municipal Morada Nova.Google Scholar
  30. König, E.Z., Mirkena, T., Strandberg, E. and Audho, J., 2015. Participatory definition of breeding objectives for sheep breeds under pastoral systems—the case of Red Maasai and Dorper sheep in Kenya, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 48,9–20CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Kosgey, I.S. and Okeyo, A.M., 2007. Genetic improvement of small ruminants in low-input, smallholder production systems: Technical and infrastructural issues, Small Ruminant Research,70,76–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Liljestrand, J., 2012. Breeding practices of Red Maasai sheep in Maasai pastoralist communities, MSc thesis, A2E. Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala 364, 55–60.Google Scholar
  33. Mariante, A.S. and Egito, A.A., 2002. Animal genetic resources in Brazil: Result of five centuries of natural selection, Theriogenology, 223, 235–257.Google Scholar
  34. Mbuku, S.M., Kosgey, I.S. and Kahi, A.K., 2010. Identification systems and selection criteria for small ruminants among pastoralist communities in northern Kenya: Prospects for a breeding programme, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42, 1487–1492.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Mohammed, T., Kebede, K. and Mekasha, Y., 2014. Herd management and breeding practices of sheep owners in North Wollo Zone, Northern Ethiopia, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 21, 1570–1578.Google Scholar
  36. Mueller, J.P., Rischkowsky, B. and Haile, A., 2015. Community-based livestock breeding programmes: Essentials and examples, Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 132, 155–168.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Muniz, M., Shiotsuki, L. and Faco, O., 2013. Características raciais de ovinos da raça Morada Nova e seus impactos sobre o descarte involuntário de animais: Resultados preliminaries, Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos. In: Reunião Anual Da Sociedade Brasileira De Zootecnia, 2013, (Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia, Brasília) p.3.Google Scholar
  38. Perezgrovas, R., 1995. Collaborative application of empirical criteria for high-quality selection fleeces: Tzotzil shepherdesses and sheep scientists work together to develop tools for genetic improvement, http://www.unesco.org/most/bpik17-2.htm. Accessed: 20 Jan 2014.
  39. Philipsson, J., Rege, J.E.O., Zonabend, E. and Okeyo, A.M., 2011. Sustainable breeding programmes for tropical farming systems. In: Ojango, J.M., Malmfors, B. and Okeyo, A.M. (eds), Animal genetic training resource, Version 3, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya, and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.Google Scholar
  40. Primack, R. B., 2001. Biologia da Conservação, (E. Rodrigues, Londrina).Google Scholar
  41. Ribeiro, M.N., Arandas, J., Filho, E. and da Silva, R., 2014. Demografia e grau do perigo de extinção de ovinos da raça Morada Nova, Revista Zootecnia Tropical, 32, 309, 313.Google Scholar
  42. SAS, 1999. SAS/STAT User’s guide, Version 8. v.2, SAS Institute Inc., Cary.Google Scholar
  43. Steglich, M. and Peters, K., 2003. Participatory methods to assess traditional breeding systems. The case of cattle breeding in the Gambia. In: Participatory research and development for sustainable agriculture and natural resource management: A sourcebook, (CIP-Upward, Manila), 123–132.Google Scholar
  44. Tadesse, D., Urge, M., Animut, G. and Mekasha, Y., 2014. Perceptions of households on the purpose of keeping, trait preference, and production constraints for selected goat types in Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 46, 363–370.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Wuletaw, Z., Ayalew, W. and Soelkner, J., 2006. A breeding scheme based on analysis of community breeding objectives for cattle in North-western Ethiopia, Ethiopian Journal of Animal Production, 6.53–66.Google Scholar
  46. Wurzinger, M., Ndumu, D. and Okeyo, A.M., 2008. Lifestyle and herding practices of Bahima pastoralists in Uganda, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 3, 542–548.Google Scholar
  47. Zohary, D., Tchernov, E. and Horwitz, L.K. 1998 ‘The role of unconscious selection in the domestication of sheep and goats’, Journal of Zoology, 245, 129–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janaina Kelli Gomes Arandas
    • 1
  • Ângelo Giuseppe Chaves Alves
    • 2
  • Olivardo Facó
    • 3
  • Ernandes Barboza Belchior
    • 3
  • Luciana Shiotsuki
    • 3
  • Paulo Márcio Barbosa de Arruda Leite
    • 1
  • Maria Norma Ribeiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Fazenda Três LagoasEmbrapa Caprinos e OvinosSobralBrazil

Personalised recommendations