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Serological evidence of avian encephalomyelitis virus and Pasteurella multocida infections in free-range indigenous chickens in Southern Mozambique

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A total of 398 serum samples from free-range indigenous chickens originating from four villages in Southern Mozambique were tested for the presence of avian encephalomyelitis virus (AEV) and Pasteurella multocida (PM) antibodies through commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. AEV and PM antibodies were detected in all villages surveyed. The proportion of positive samples was very high: 59.5% (95% confidence interval (CI) 51.7–67.7%) for AEV and 71.5% (95% CI 67.7–77.3%) for PM. Our findings revealed that these pathogens are widespread among free-range indigenous chickens in the studied villages and may represent a threat in the transmission of AEV and PM to wild, broiler or layer chickens in the region. Further research is warranted on epidemiology of circulating strains and impact of infection on the poultry industry.

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We wish to express our gratefulness to the Fundo Nacional de Investigação, Mozambique (Grant FV5/2014), and Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research and Development for Southern Africa (CCARDESA) (Grant CPRJ/INT/WB/CFP1/14/03) for financial support of this study.

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Correspondence to Custodio Gabriel Bila.

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Taunde, P., Timbe, P., Lucas, A.F. et al. Serological evidence of avian encephalomyelitis virus and Pasteurella multocida infections in free-range indigenous chickens in Southern Mozambique. Trop Anim Health Prod 49, 1047–1050 (2017).

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