Impact of udder and teat morphometry on udder health in Tharparkar cows under climatic condition of hot arid region of Thar Desert
- 122 Downloads
Prevention of subclinical mastitis (SCM) is an important tool for sustainable dairying and implementing higher production level in animals. The present investigation involved a total of 397 quarters of milk examination of 105 indigenous Tharparkar cows at Livestock Research Centre, Chandan located in the Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan in Thar Desert to study the impact of udder and teat morphometry on udder health. Udder health was examined by somatic cell count to check the status of subclinical mastitis while udder and teat morphometry of 90 udder and 386 quarters, i.e., udder shape and depth, teat end shape, teat length, and teat diameter were examined at individual animal level and quarter level. Data were collected from the record register maintained at the farm and data evaluated by parity (no. of lactation) and stage of lactation. On analysis of variance, result revealed the significantly (P < 0.05) higher incidence of SCM was for pendulous shape udder in respect of regular udder, as well as for inverted and flat teat end shape in respect of pointed teat end shape. Large teat length and upper depth animals had significantly (P < 0.05) more incidence of SCM as compared to small and medium teat length and udder depth group, respectively. Thick teat diameter group animals were significantly (P < 0.01) more prone to infection as compared to medium and thin teat diameter group animals. So, it can be concluded that selection for optimum udder and teat morphometry in breeding program may help to reduce susceptibility for intramammary infections in Tharparkar cows. Microbiological study of milk samples could be helpful in the nearby future for identification of subclinical mastitis.
KeywordsSubclinical mastitis Somatic cell count Udder morphometry Teat morphometry
We are grateful to Dean PGIVER, Jaipur (RAJUVAS) for providing facilities, continuous encouragement, and support during the study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no financial or personal relationship(s) which may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this research article.
- Ahlawat, K., Dang, A. K. and Singh, C., 2008. Relationship of teat and udder shape with milk SCC in primiparous and multiparous Sahiwal cows, Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 61, 152-156.Google Scholar
- Anonymous, 2014. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India report, 2014, available on http://www.dahd.nic.in/dahd/bahs-2014.aspx.
- Bradford, H. L., Moser, D. W., Minik Bormann, J. and Weaber, R. L., 2015. Estimation of genetic parameters for udder traits in Hereford cattle, Journal of Animal Research, 93, 2663-2668.Google Scholar
- Coban, O., Sabuncuoglu, N. and Tuzemen, N., 2009. A study on relationships between somatic cell count (SCC) and some udder traits in dairy cows, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8, 134-138.Google Scholar
- De, K., Mukherjee, J., Prasad, S. and Dang, A. K., 2011. Effect of parity and stage of lactation on milk SCC and DLC in native and crossbred cows, Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 64, 326-328.Google Scholar
- Houda, H., Trujillo, A. J., Juan, B., Guamis, B., Eifeki, A. and Gargouri, A., 2012. Interrelationships between somatic cell counts, lactation stage and lactation number and their influence on plasmin activity and protein fraction distribution in dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) and cow milks, Small Ruminant Research, 105, 300– 307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Juozaitiene, V., Juozaitis, A. and Micikeviciene, R., 2006. Relationship between somatic cell count and milk production and udder morphological traits of udder in black and white cows, Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 30, 47-51.Google Scholar
- Lopez-Benavides, M.G., Williamson, J.H., Cursons, R.T., Lacy-Hulbert, S.J. and Woolford, M.W., 2005. Streptococcus uberis population dynamics in the New Zealand pastoral dairy farm. In: Hogeveen, H., editor. Proceedings of the 4th IDF International Mastitis Conference, Maastricht, (Wageningen Academic Publishers), 649-655.Google Scholar
- Manzi, M. D. P., Nobrega, D. B., Faccioli, Y. M., Troncarelli, Z., Menozzi, B. D. and Langoni, H. 2012. Relationship between teat-end condition, udder cleanliness and bovine subclinical mastitis, Research in Veterinary Science, 93, 430–434.Google Scholar
- Nemcova, E., Stipkova, M., Zavadilova, L., Bouska, J. and Vacek, M., 2007. The relationship between somatic cell count, milk production and six linearly scored type traits in Holstein cows, Czech Journal of Animal Science, 52, 437-446.Google Scholar
- Orban, M., Gulyas, L., Nemeth, S. and Gergacz, Z., 2009. Morphometric evaluation of udders in jersey cows, Sci. Pap. Animal Science Biotechnology, 42, 327-332.Google Scholar
- Pander, B. L., Dhingra, P. and Dhaka, S. S., 2005. Factors affecting the somatic cell counts in Hriana cattle. 5th Natioanl Conference on Animal Genetics and Breeding, Indian Society of Animal Genetics and Breeding, 111, 16.Google Scholar
- Ptak, E.; Jagusiak, W. and Zarnecki, A., 2008. Relationship between test day somatic cell score and conformation traits in Polish Holstein cattle, 59th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, Vilnius, Lithuania-August 24-27.Google Scholar
- Smith, K. L., Hillerton, J.E. and Harmon R.J. Guidelines on normal and abnormal raw milk based on somatic cell counts and signs of clinical mastitis. National Mastitis Council. 2001. http://nmconline.org/docs/abnmilk.pdf. Accessed 29 Jan 2016.
- Deniz Alic Ural, 2013. The relationships among some udder traits and somatic cell count in Holstein-Friesian cows, Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi, 19, 601-606.Google Scholar
- Uzmay, C., Kaya, Y., Akbas, Y. and Kaya, A., 2003. Effects of udder and teat morphology, parity and lactation stage on subclinical mastitis in Holstein cows, Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 27,695-701.Google Scholar