Association between cattle herd Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection and infection of a hare population
Paratuberculosis has long been considered a disease of domestic and wild ruminants only. The known host range of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) was recently extended to include non-ruminant wildlife species believed to be exposed to spillover of MAP from infected domestic cattle herds. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between cattle herd MAP infection pressure level and the infection level of a hare population in two dairy farms of southern Chile. Fifty hares from a herd A and 42 hares from herd B were captured and sampled for MAP culture. The results showed a statistically significant association between the cattle herds’ infection prevalence and the hare infection prevalence.
KeywordsParatuberculosis MAP Hare Cattle Transmission Spillover
This research was funded by FONDECYT/CHILE Project 1085069
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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