Skip to main content

Prevalence and risk factors associated with goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis in the Sertão region of Paraíba State, Brazil

Abstract

Gastrointestinal helminthiasis represents an obstacle to goat raising, causing severe damage to herds such as growth retardation, weight loss, and even death. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis in the Sertão region of Paraíba State, Brazil. A total of 256 goats from 54 farms were systematically sampled. Blood and fecal samples were collected from each animal for egg per gram (EPG), larval culture, and packed cell volume (PCV) analyses. We found that 79.3 % of the goats investigated were parasitized with gastrointestinal helminths. Significant correlation (p = 0.004) was observed between the EPG and PCV of the animals studied, and it was observed that the EPG increases as the PCV decreases. In the larval culture, the most prevalent helminth was Haemonchus sp. (83.2 %). Age and sex were significant variables (p ≤ 0.20) for the development of gastrointestinal helminths: 86.8 % of animals over 36 months of age and 81.7 % of females were infected. The variable type of animal exploitation was also significant, with 90.3 % (p ≤ 0.20) of the animals presenting double suitability (milk and meat). The Sertão region of Paraíba State presents high prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in goats, and age and type of animal exploitation are the most relevant risk factors to the development of these parasites.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  • Ahid, S. M. M., Suassuna, A. C. D., Maia, M. B., Costa, V. M. M., Soares, H. S., 2008. Parasitos gastrintestinais em caprinos e ovinos da região Oeste do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Ciência Animal Brasileira 9, 1, 212–218

    Google Scholar 

  • Chagas, A. C. S., Oliveira, M. C. S., Esteves, S. N., Oliveira, H. N., Giglioti, R., Giglioti, C., Carvalho, C. O., Ferrezinis, J., Schiavone, D. C., 2008. Parasitismo por nematóides gastrintestinais em matrizes e cordeiros criados em São Carlos, São Paulo, Brasil. Parasitology Veterinary 17, 1, 126–132

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa, R. G., Almeida, C. C., Pimenta Filho, E. C., Holanda Júnior, E. V., Santos, N. M., 2008. Caracterização do sistema de produção caprino e ovino na região semiárida do Estado da Paraíba, Brasil. Archivos de Zootecnia 57, 218, 195–205

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa V. M. M., Simões S. V. D., Riet-Correa F., 2009. Doenças parasitárias e ruminantes no semiárido brasileiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 9, 7, 563–568

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa V. M. M., Simões S. V. D., Riet-Correa F., 2011. Controle das parasitoses gastrintestinais em ovinos e caprinos na região semiárida do Nordeste do Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31, 1, 65–71

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Filgueira, T. M. B., Ahid, S. M. M., Suassuna, A. C. D., Souza, W. J., Fonseca, Z. A. S., 2009. Aspectos epidemiológicos e sanitários das criações de caprinos na Região da Chapada do Apodi. Revista Verde 4, 2, 64–67

    Google Scholar 

  • Gordon, H. M., Withlock, H. V., 1939. A new technique for counting nematode eggs in sheep faeces. Journal Scientific and Industrial Research 12(21):50–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Guimarães, A. S., Gouveia, A. M. G., Carmo, F. B., Goiveia, G. X., Silva, M. X., Vieira, L. S., Molento, M. B., 2011. Management practices to control gastrointestinal parasites in dairy and beef goats in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 176:265–269

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hart, S., 2011. Effective and sustainable control of nematode parasites in small ruminants: The need to adopt alternatives to chemotherapy with emphasis on biologic control. 5º Simpósio Internacional Sobre Caprinos e ovinos. João Pessoa. In CD-ROM

  • Hosmer, D. W., Lemeshow, S., 2000. Applied logistic regression. New York, John Wiley e Sons, 375 pp

  • Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – IBGE, 2009. Avaliable on: http://www.ibge.gov.br. Accessed March 2012

  • Khan, M. N., Sajid, M. S., Khan, M. N., Igbal, Z., Hussain, A. (2010). Gastrointestinal helminthiasis: prevalence and associated determinants in domestic ruminants of district Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. Parasitology Research 107: 787–794

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lima, W. C., Athayde, A. C. R., Medeiros, G. R., Lima, D. A. S. D., Borburema, J. B., Santos, E. M., Vilela, V. L. R., Azevedo, S. S., 2010. Nematóides resistentes a alguns anti-helmínticos em rebanhos caprinos no Cariri Paraibano. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30:1003–1009

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matos, M. S., Matos, P. F., 1988. Laboratório clínico médico veterinário. 2 ed. Rio de Janeiro, Atheneu, 238 pp

  • Mbuh, J. V., Ndamukong, K. J. N., Ntonifor, N., Nforlem, G. F., 2008. Parasites of sheep and goats and their prevalence in Bokova, a rural area of Buea Sub Division, Cameroon. Veterinary Parasitology 156:350–352

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Molento, M.B., Fortes, F.S., Pondelek, D.A.S., Borges F.A., Chagas, A.C.S., Torres-Acosta, J.F., Geldhof, P., 2011. Challenges of nematode control in ruminants: Focus on Latin America. Veterinary Parasitology, 180, 126–132

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Roberts, F. H. S., O’Sullivan, J. P., 1950. Methods for egg counts and larval cultures for strongyles infesting the gastrointestinal tract of cattle, Australian Journal Agriculture Research, 1, 99–102

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sampaio, B., Sampaio, Y., Lima, R., 2009. A Economia da Caprinocultura em Pernambuco. Revista de Economia 35, 2, 137–159

    Google Scholar 

  • Santos, W. B., Ahid, S. M. M., Suassuna, A. C. D., 2006. Aspectos epidemiológicos da caprinocultura e ovinocultura no munícipio de Mossoró (RN). Hora Veterinária 26, 152, 25–28

    Google Scholar 

  • Silva, J. B., Fonseca, A. H., 2012. Suscetibilidade racial de ovinos a helmintos gastrintestinais. Semina: Ciência Agrária 32, 2, 1935–1942

    Google Scholar 

  • Thrusfield, M. (ed.), 2007. Veterinary Epidemiology. Oxford, Blackwell Science, 624 pp

  • Torres-Acosta, J.F.J., Sandoval-Castro, C.A., Hoste H., Aguilar Caballero, Cámara Sarmiento, R., Alonso-Diaz, M.A., 2012. Nutritional manipulation of sheep and goats for the controlo f gastrointestinal nematodes under hot humid and subhumid tropical conditions. Small Ruminant Research, 103, 28–40

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Torres-Acosta, J.F.J., Hoste, H., 2008. Alternative or improved methods to limit gastrointestinal parasitism in grazing sheep and goats. Small Ruminant Research 77, 159–173

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vieira, L.S., 2008. Métodos alternativos de controle de nematóides gastrintestinais em caprinos e ovinos. Tecnologia e Ciência Agropecuária 2, 2, 49–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Vilela, V. L. R., Solano, G. B., Araújo, M. M., Sousa, R. V. R., Silva, W. A., Feitosa, T. F., Athayde, A. C. R., 2008. Ensaios preliminares para validação do método FAMACHA© em condições de semiárido paraibano. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária 17, 1, 154–157

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Vilela, V. L. R., Feitosa, T. F., Lôbo, K. M. S., Bezerra, D. A. C., Athayde, A. C. R., 2009. Potencial anti-helmíntico da raiz de Solanum paniculatum Linnaeus (1762) em ovelhas do Semiárido Paraibano, Acta Veterinária Brasileira, 3, 1, 20–24

    Google Scholar 

  • Vilela, V. L. R., Feitosa, T. F., Linhares, E. F., Athayde, A. C. R., Molento, M. B., Azevedo, S. S., 2012a. FAMACHA© method as an auxiliary strategy in the control of gastrointestinal helminthiasis of dairy goats under semiarid conditions of Northeastern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 190, 1–2, 281–4.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vilela, V. L. R., Feitosa, T. F., Braga, F. R., Araújo, J. V., Souto, D. V. O., Santos, H. E. S., Silva, G. L. L., Athayde, A. C. R., 2012b. Biological control of goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis by Duddingtonia flagrans in a semi-arid region of the northeastern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 127–133

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vilela, V. L. R., Feitosa, T. F., Braga, F. R., Araújo, J.V., Lucena, S.C., Dantas, E.S., Athayde, A. C. R., Silva, W.W., 2013. Efficacy of Monacrosporium thaumasium in the control of goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis in a semi-arid region of Brazil. Parasitology Research 112, 871–877

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Werne, S., Perler, E., Maurer, V., Probst, J.K., Hoste, H., Drewek, A., Heckendorn, F., 2013. Effect of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) and faba bean (Vicia faba) on the periparturient rise in ewes infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Small Ruminant Research 113, 454–460

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zar, J. H. (ed.), 1999. Biostatistical analysis. Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, 662 pp

Download references

Conflict of interest

There are no conflicts of interests related to this work.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vinícius Longo Ribeiro Vilela.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Vieira, V.D., Feitosa, T.F., Vilela, V.L.R. et al. Prevalence and risk factors associated with goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis in the Sertão region of Paraíba State, Brazil. Trop Anim Health Prod 46, 355–361 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0496-y

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0496-y

Keywords

  • Goat farming
  • EPG
  • PCV
  • Haemonchus sp.