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Effect of incorporation of thermo-regulatory genes into exotic layers on egg production and quality under tropical environment

Abstract

A breed development strategy aimed at making exotic layers (Lohmann Brown) more productive under tropical environment using thermo-regulatory genes is underway at Akate Farms in Kumasi, Ghana. The present experiment was carried out to find out the effect of the genes on egg production in hot and humid environments. Three genetic groups comprising naked-neck, frizzle and their normally feathered sibs were obtained after successive generations of crossing between naked-neck and frizzle cocks and Lohmann brown hens. A total of 270 18-week-old pullets, 90 each of the 3 groups, were selected randomly and assigned to a completely randomized design experiment with 3 replicates, with 30 birds in each replicate group and kept up to a period of 72 weeks. The birds were kept in a partitioned open-sided deep-litter house constructed with sandcrete blocks with 30 pullets in each compartment. They were fed ad libitum with layer diets containing 18 % crude protein and 2,800 kcal ME/kg. Results obtained showed that the crossbred naked-neck and frizzle phenotypes produced eggs at a significantly (P < 0.05) higher rates than their normally feathered sibs and also out-performed their normally feathered sibs in other egg production parameters measured, even though they all segregated from similar parents. This is an indication of the favourable effect of the genes on egg production under hot and humid environments.

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Correspondence to Julius K. Hagan.

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Hagan, J.K., Adomako, K. & Olympio, S.O. Effect of incorporation of thermo-regulatory genes into exotic layers on egg production and quality under tropical environment. Trop Anim Health Prod 46, 107–111 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0457-5

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Keywords

  • Naked-neck
  • Frizzle
  • Phenotypes
  • Lohmann brown
  • Crossbred
  • Normally feathered