Prevalence of antimicrobial residues in pork meat in Madagascar
- 373 Downloads
Residual antimicrobials in food constitute a risk to human health, but poor knowledge is available about the significance of contaminated meat in developing countries. The purpose of the study was to determine the occurrence of antimicrobial drug residues in pork products in Madagascar. The occurrence of antimicrobial drug residues in pork meat were investigated by the Premi® test (DSM©) technique. There was a high incidence rate of drug residues, with 360 (37.2 %) meat samples being contaminated. A significant increase was observed between 2010 and 2011, with 32 and 39%, respectively. Pork meat samples are less contaminated by drug residues when animals are slaughtered in urban abattoirs (34.4%) vs in provincial abattoirs (42.2%), suggesting that animals under treatment (or sick) are sold preferentially in local abattoir. Drug residue levels in pork meats purchased in Madagascar appear to be serious public health problem at the moment.
KeywordsPork Meat Antibiotics Drug residue Veterinary contaminant Food safety Madagascar
Authors thank gratefully the French Embassy in Madagascar, the Regional Council of La Reunion (French overseas territory), the European Regional development Funds (ERDF), and the French Government for their financial support through the QualiREG research network in Indian Ocean (www.qualireg.org).
- Alla, MBW, Mohamed, TE, Abdelgadir, AE (2011) Detection of antibiotics residues in beef in Ghanawa Slaughterhouse, Khartoum State, Sudan. African Journal of Food Science 5, 574–580Google Scholar
- Buur, J, Baynes, R, Smith, G, Riviere, J (2006) Use of probabilistic modeling within a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model to predict sulfamethazine residue withdrawal times in edible tissues in swine. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 50, 2344–2351PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Campagnoloa, ER, Johnson, KR, Karpatia, A, Rubin, CS, Kolpin, DW, Meyer, MT, Esteban, JE, Currier, RW, Smith, K, Thu, KM, McGeehin, M (2002) Antimicrobial residues in animal waste and water resources proximal to large-scale swine and poultry feeding operations. The Science of The Total Environment 299, 89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- European Commission, 1990. Regulation 90/2377/EEC. L224. 55Google Scholar
- Henry, I, Granier, S, Courtillon, C, Lalande, F, Chemaly, M, Salvat, G, Cardinale, E (2012) Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica isolated from chicken carcasses and environment at slaughter in Reunion Island: prevalence, genetic characterization and antibiotic susceptibility. Tropical Animal Health and Production 45, 317–326Google Scholar
- Ibrahim, AI, Junaidu, AU, Garba, MK (2010 ) Multiple antibiotic residues in meat from slaughtered cattle in Nigeria. The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine 8, 6Google Scholar
- Ihaka, R, Gentleman, R (1996) R: a language for data analysis and graphics. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistic 5, 299–314Google Scholar
- Pham Kim, D, Degand, G, Douny, C, Dubois, M, Delhaut, P, Vu Dinh, T, Granier, B, Scippo, M-L (2012) Screening, post-screening and confirmation analysis of antibiotics in pork and chicken meat marketed in Vietnam, EuroResidue VII: conference on residues of veterinary drugs in food. Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands, 14–16 May, 2012 (Robert Schilt)Google Scholar
- Ravaomanana, J, Jori, F, Vial, L, Pérez-Sánchez, R, Blanco, E, Michaud, V, Roger, F (2011) Assessment of interactions between African swine fever virus, bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus), Ornithodoros ticks and domestic pigs in north-western Madagascar. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 58, 247–254.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shukla, P, Bansode, FW, Singh, RK (2011) Chloramphenicol Toxicity: A Review. J. Med. Med. Sci. 2, 1313–1316.Google Scholar
- Thioulouse, J, Dufour, B, Chessel, D (2004) 'The ade4 Package (Version 1.3-3).' Available at http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr