Herd and individual animal prevalence along with associated risk factors of bovine brucellosis was assessed on dairy farms located in 22 districts in Haryana and Punjab of India. Examination of 4,580 female animals of 119 dairy farms by Rose Bengal test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay revealed that an overall herd prevalence was 65.54 % (78/119) and individual animal prevalence was 26.50 % (1,214/4,580). Herd prevalence in Haryana was 62.79 % which was not significantly different (P = 0.4208) from Punjab (72.72 %). Individual animal prevalence was 34.15 % in Punjab which was significantly higher (P < 0.0001) than Haryana (22.34 %). Prevalence of brucellosis on dairy farms was detected in 20 of the 22 districts, of which 12 districts were in Haryana and 8 in Punjab. Risk factors such as species of animals, age of animals, herd size, awareness of dairymen for brucellosis, entry of a purchased animals on the farm, abortion on farm, use of calving pens, type of breeding, and type of farming were analyzed. The study indicated that the odds ratio (OR) was significant with risk factors of species (OR = 1.63; 95 %CI = 1.40–1.90; P < 0.0001), age (OR = 0.22; 95 %CI = 0.17–0.29; P < 0.0001), awareness of brucellosis among dairymen (OR = 21.65; 95 %CI = 2.63–178.04; P = 0.0042), entry of purchased animal on the farm (OR = 9.16; 95 %CI = 2.38–35.18; P = 0.0012), abortion in animals (OR = 5.57; 95 %CI = 1.92–16.10; P = 0.0015) and on cow farm (OR = 3.43; 95 %CI = 1.33–8.82; P = 0.0105). While the OR was insignificant (P > 0.05) with risk factors of herd size, use of calving pen on farms, type of breeding and on buffalo and mixed type of farms.
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The authors are thankful to Mr. Norang Kaushik, Senior Laboratory Assistant, for assisting in laboratory work.
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Chand, P., Chhabra, R. Herd and individual animal prevalence of bovine brucellosis with associated risk factors on dairy farms in Haryana and Punjab in India. Trop Anim Health Prod 45, 1313–1319 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0362-y
- Bovine brucellosis
- Dairy farms
- Herd prevalence
- Individual animal prevalence
- Risk factors