We evaluated a group-based, participatory training intervention to improve food safety among meat processors and retailers in Bodija Market, Ibadan, Nigeria. An interactive training workshop was held for Butchers Associations’ representatives who were selected to pass on information and training to their group. Meat hygiene knowledge, attitude and practice was assessed before attending the workshop and afterwards (n = 63). It was also assessed for those who did not attend the workshop (n = 68) but were intended recipients of training through their association. Microbiological quality of meat was assessed before and after the workshop (n = 400 samples). After the workshop, participants significantly improved knowledge, attitude and practice in key food safety aspects; specifically, understanding sources of contamination and food-borne diseases, use of bleach and disinfectant and hand washing. Participants also shared information with an average of 18 other group members and improvements were seen in group members who did not attend the workshop but received training through their Butchers Association. Microbiological quality of meat sold also significantly improved after the intervention. In conclusion, participatory, group-based methods targeted at meat processors and retailers can improve meat hygiene knowledge, attitude and practice as well as the microbiological quality and hence safety of meat.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Positive deviants are atypical members of a community who have practices that confer advantage to them compared with the rest of the community. Such behaviours are likely to be affordable, acceptable and sustainable because they are already used by people at risk, they do not conflict with local culture, and they work (Marsh et al. 2004).
Anon, 2009. Global study on reconstruction of public live market, slaughter and meat processing facilities, including cost related cost recovery and economic instruments, World Bank, Washington.
Bryld, E., 2003. Potentials, problems, and policy implications for urban agriculture in developing countries, Agriculture and Human Values, 20, 79–86.
Chambers, R., 2007. Participation and poverty, Development, 50 (2), 20–25.
Grace, D., Randolph, T., Omore, A., Schelling, E. and Bonfoh, B., 2007. Place of food safety in evolving pro-poor dairy policy in east and west Africa. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 60 (1–4), 153–162.
Marsh, D.R., Schroeder, D.G., Dearden, K.A., Sternin, J. and Sternin, M., 2004. The power of positive deviance. British Medical Journal, 13 329(7475), 1177–9
Maxwell, D., Levin, C., Armar-Klemesu, M., Ruel, M., Morris, S. and Ahiadeke, C., 2000. Urban livelihoods and food and nutrition security in Greater Accra, Ghana, IFPRI, Washington.
NAS, 2003, Scientific criteria to ensure safe food, National Academies Press, Washington
Olawoye, J., 2009. Qualitative report on gender and collective action for meat safety in Bodija Market, Report submitted to International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi.
Omore A., Staal S.J., Kurwijila L., Osafo E., Aning K.G., Mdoe N. and Nurah G., 2001. Indigenous markets for dairy products in Africa: trade-offs between food safety and economics. In: Proceedings of Symposium on Dairy Development in the Tropics, 2 November 2001, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
UN-HABITAT, 2006. The state of the world's cities 2006/2007, UNCHS (Habitat), United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, Geneva
Von Holy, A. and Makhoane, F.M., 2006. Improving street food vending in South Africa: achievements and lessons learned, International Journal of Food Microbiology, 1, 111(2), 89–92.
We thank the CGIAR Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights for funding this study and all the members of the Butchers Associations and officers at Bodija Market who contributed to it.
This paper is part of a special supplement on assessing and managing urban zoonoses and food-borne disease in two African cities (Nairobi, Kenya and Ibadan, Nigeria).
About this article
Cite this article
Grace, D., Dipeolu, M., Olawoye, J. et al. Evaluating a group-based intervention to improve the safety of meat in Bodija Market, Ibadan, Nigeria. Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 61–66 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0208-z
- Meat-borne disease
- Knowledge, attitude, practice