Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1329–1330 | Cite as

Prevalence of antibodies to peste des petits ruminants virus before and during outbreaks of the disease in Awash Fentale district, Afar, Ethiopia

  • Faris DelilEmail author
  • Yilkal Asfaw
  • Berhe Gebreegziabher
Brief Communication

Abstract

The present study was conducted to assess the seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in sheep and goats in Awash Fentale district, Afar, Ethiopia. Small ruminants in the district had poor herd immunity at the first visit and succumb to the disease then after. The seroprevalence during the time of an outbreak was much higher compared with the initial levels: 7.3% and 42.6% in sheep and goats, respectively. The higher seroprevalence figure in goats was suggestive of their relative susceptibility to PPR compared with sheep.

Keywords

PPR cELISA Seroprevalence Outbreak 

References

  1. Abraham, G., Sintayehu, A., Libeau, G., Albina, E., Roger, F., Laikemariam, Y., Abayneh,D., Awoke, K.M. 2005. Antibody seroprevalences against peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus in camels, cattle, goats and sheep in Ethiopia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 70, 51–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abubakar, M., Jamal, S.M., Hussain, M., Ali, Q. 2008. Incidence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus in sheep and goat as detected by immuno-capture ELISA (Ic ELISA). Small Ruminant Research, 75, 256–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abubakar, M., Khan, H.A., Arshed, M.J., Hussain, M., Ali, Q. 2011. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR): Disease appraisal with global and Pakistan perspective. Small Ruminant Research, 96, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al-Majali, A.M., Hussain, N.O., Amarin, N.M., Majok, A.A. 2008. Seroprevalence of, and risk factors for, peste des petits ruminants in sheep and goats in Northern Jordan. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 85, 1–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bao, J., Wanga, Z., Li, L., Wua, X., Sang, P., Wuc, G., Ding, G., Suo, L., Liu, C., Wanga, J., Zhao, W., Li, J., Qi, L. 2011. Detection and genetic characterization of peste des petits ruminants virus in free-living bharals (Pseudois nayaur) in Tibet, China. Research in Veterinary Science, 90, 238–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2006. Agricultural sample survey 2005/2006 [1998 E.C.], Report on livestock and livestock characteristics. Statistical bulletin no. 361 Volume II. Addis Ababa.Google Scholar
  7. Dawit, T. 2006. Seroprevalence study of peste des petits ruminants in Gewane district, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia. Unpublished DVM thesis, Addis Ababa UniversityGoogle Scholar
  8. Khalafalla, A.I., Saeed I.K., Ali, Y.H., Abdurrahman, M.B., Kwiatek, O., Libeauc, G., Obeida, A.A., Abbas, Z. 2010. An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in camels in the Sudan. Acta Tropica, 116, 161–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Megersa, B., Biffa, D., Belina, T., Debela, E., Regassa, A., Abunna, F., Rufael, T., Stubsjøend, S.M., E. Skjerve, E. 2011. Serological investigation of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in small ruminants managed under pastoral and agro-pastoral systems in Ethiopia. Small Ruminant Research, 97, 134–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pegram, R. G., Tereke, F. 1981. Observation on the health of Afar livestock. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal 5, 11–14.Google Scholar
  11. Zahur, A.B., Ullah, A., Hussain, M., Irshad, H., Hameed, A., Jahangir, M., Farooq, M.S. 2011. Sero-epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 102, 87– 92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faris Delil
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Yilkal Asfaw
    • 2
  • Berhe Gebreegziabher
    • 3
  1. 1.Wollo UniversityDessieEthiopia
  2. 2.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAddis Ababa UniversityDebre ZeitEthiopia
  3. 3.Animal and Plant Health Regulatory DirectorateMinistry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD)Addis AbabaEthiopia
  4. 4.Madras Veterinary CollegeChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations