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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1417–1421 | Cite as

Detection of antibodies and risk factors for infection with bovine respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus 3 in dual-purpose farms in Colima, Mexico

  • Daniel Figueroa-Chávez
  • José C. Segura-CorreaEmail author
  • Luís Jorge García-Márquez
  • Alfonso Pescador-Rubio
  • Arturo Gerardo Valdivia-Flores
Original Research

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was carried out, from November 2007 to March 2008, to estimate the prevalence of and to determine risk factors associated with bovine syncytial respiratory virus (BRSV) and parainfluenza 3 virus (PIV3) in dual-purpose herds in Colima, México. One hundred and seventy-six sera from 33 herds for PIV3 and 232 sera from 44 herds for BRSV were used. Sera were analyzed by indirect ELISA for the detection of antibodies against BRSV and PIV3 in cattle herds to determine the seroprevalence of respiratory diseases. The apparent and true prevalences for PIV3 were 60.8% and 54.4% and for BRSV 52.2% and 50.8%, respectively. The percentage of herds showing at least one positive animal was 78.7% for PIV3, and 93.2% for BRSV. Age (≤12, 13–48, and >48 months old) and respiratory signs (no, yes) showed significant association (P < 0.05) with PIV3 and age with BRSV. This study showed that animals were exposed to both viruses and that age was the main risk factor. The need to establish new vaccination plans to effectively protect cattle against those infections in the state of Colima, Mexico is suggested.

Keywords

Bovine respiratory disease complex Seroprevalence Risk factors Tropics 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The author would like to thank the reviewer comments to improve the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Figueroa-Chávez
    • 1
  • José C. Segura-Correa
    • 2
    Email author
  • Luís Jorge García-Márquez
    • 1
  • Alfonso Pescador-Rubio
    • 1
  • Arturo Gerardo Valdivia-Flores
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro Universitario de Investigación y Desarrollo Agropecuario de la Universidad de ColimaColimaMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Autónoma de YucatánMéridaMexico

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