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Evaluation of two Indian native chicken breeds for reproduction traits and heritability of juvenile growth traits

Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate two Indian native chicken breeds, namely, Aseel and Kadaknath for fertility, hatchability, genetic parameters of juvenile growth traits, and semen quality traits at the onset of sexual maturity. The fertility was similar in Aseel (86.96%) and Kadaknath (85.15%); however, a relatively higher hatchability was observed in Kadaknath (77.94%) than Aseel (70.74%). Heritability estimates of body weights at 4 weeks of age were almost similar in Aseel (0.37) and Kadaknath (0.39), while the estimate of body weight at 6 weeks of age was higher in Aseel (0.42) than Kadaknath (0.31). The heritability estimate of shank length at 6 weeks of age was lower in Aseel (0.16) compared to Kadaknath (0.35). The age at first egg in the flock was comparable in Aseel (148 days) and Kadaknath (150 days). Aseel breed with significantly (P ≤ 0.001) higher body weight, absolute and relative testes weights had significantly higher semen volume (P ≤ 0.05) and sperm motility (P ≤ 0.01) but had lower seminal plasma cholesterol level (P ≤ 0.05) as compared to Kadaknath. It can be concluded that there is a scope for genetic improvement of these two native breeds for juvenile growth traits since heritability estimates of these traits were relatively high.

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Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to the director of the institute for providing financial support and necessary facilities to carry out the present study. The technical assistance of Ms. R. Sunitha and Mr. Rakesh (Senior Research Fellows) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are thankful to Dr. Daryab Singh (hatchery manager), Mr. Pratap, D. (T-5), and Dr. S. K. Bhanja (farm manager) for technical help in hatching and management of birds. Thanks are due to Mr. V. V. Rao (T-5) for data analysis.

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Correspondence to Santosh Haunshi.

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Haunshi, S., Shanmugam, M., Padhi, M.K. et al. Evaluation of two Indian native chicken breeds for reproduction traits and heritability of juvenile growth traits. Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 969–973 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9994-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9994-y

Keywords

  • Aseel
  • Kadaknath
  • Juvenile traits
  • Heritability estimates
  • Reproduction traits