Skip to main content

Influence of dietary supplementation of prebiotics (mannanoligosaccharide) on the performance of crossbred calves

Abstract

Thirty-six Holstein cross calves 5 days of age in their preruminant stage were used to study the effect of feeding prebiotic (mannanoligosaccharide) on their performance up to the age of 2 months. Treatment and control groups consisted of 18 calves each. Treatment group was supplemented with 4 g prebiotic (mannanoligosaccharide)/calf/day. Performance was evaluated by measuring average body weight (BW) gain, feed intake [dry matter (DM), total digestible nutrient (TDN) and crude protein(CP)], feed conversion efficiency (DM, TDN, and CP), fecal score, fecal coliform count and feeding cost. Body weight measured weekly, feed intake measured twice daily, proximate analysis of feeds and fodders analyzed weekly, fecal score monitored daily and fecal coliform count done weekly. There was a significant increase in average body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency; and a significant decrease in severity of scours as measured by fecal score and fecal coliform count in the treatment group compared with control group (P < 0.01). Feed cost/kg BW gain was significantly lower in the treatment group compared to control group (P < 0.01). The results suggest that prebiotic (mannanoligosaccharide) can be supplemented to the calves for better performance.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • AOAC., 1990. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. Vol. I 15th ed. AOAC, Arlington, VA.

  • Ballou, C.E., 1970. A study of the immunochemistry of three yeast mannans, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 245, 1197–1203

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Berg, E.L., Fa, C.J., Porter, J.H. and Kerley, M.S., 2005. Fructo oligosaccharide supplementation in the yearling horse: Effects on fecal pH, microbial content and volatile fatty acid concentrations, Journal of Animal Science, 83, 1549–1553

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Davis, M.E., Maxwell, C.V., Brown, D.C., Rodas, B. Z. de., Johnson, Z.B., Kegley, E. B., Hellwig, D. H. and Dvorak, R.A., 2002. Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharide and (or) pharmacological additions of supplemental copper on growth performance and immunocompetence of weanling and growing/finishing pigs, Journal of Animal Science, 80, 2887–2894

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dvorak, R. and Jacques, K.A., 1998. Mannanoligosaccharide, fructooligosaccharide, and Carbadox for pigs days 0–21 post-weaning, Journal of Animal Science, 76 (Supplement 2), 64 (Abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  • Donovan, D.C., Franklin, S.T., Chase, C.C.L. and Hippen, A.R., 2002. Growth and health of Holstein calves fed milk replacers supplemented with antibiotics or enteroguard, Journal of Dairy Science, 85, 947–950

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • El-Banna, H.A., El-Zorba, H.Y., Attia, T.A. and Elatif, A.A., 2010. Effect of probiotic, prebiotic and symbiotic on broiler performance, World Applied Sciences Journal, 11(4), 388–393

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • FDA., 1998. Bacteriological Analytical Manual. 8th ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD.

    Google Scholar 

  • Giannella, R.A., 1983. Escherichia coli heat stable enterotoxin: Biochemical and physiological effects in the intestine, Proceedings in Food and Nutrition Science, 7, 147–153

    Google Scholar 

  • Heinrichs, A.J., Jones, C.M. and Heinrichs, B.S., 2003. Effects of Mannan Oligosaccharide or Antibiotics in Neonatal Diets on Health and Growth of Dairy Calves, Journal of Dairy Science, 86, 4064–4069

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jacques, K.A. and Newman, K.E., 1994. Effect of oligosaccharide supplements to milk replacer on calf performance and health pre-weaning, Journal of Animal Science, 72 (Supplement 1), 1139

    Google Scholar 

  • Kaufhold, J., Hammon, H. M. and Blum, J.W., 2000. Fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation: effects on metabolic, endocrine and hematological traits in veal calves, Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 47, 17–29

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Larson, L.L., Owen, F.G., Albright, J.L., Appleman, R.D., Lamb, R.C. and Muller, L.D., 1977. Guidelines toward uniformity in measuring and reporting calf experimental data, Journal of Dairy Science, 60, 989–991

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • LeMieux, F.M., Southern, L.L. and Bidner, T.D., 2001. Effect of a mannan oligosaccharide on growth of nursery pigs, Journal of Animal Science, 79 (Supplement 2), 72 (Abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  • LeMieux, F.M., Southern, L.L. and Bidner, T.D., 2003. Effect of mannan oligosaccharides on growth performance of weanling pigs, Journal of Animal Science, 81, 2482–2487

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mizota, T., 1996. Functional and nutritional foods containing Bifidogenic factors, Bulletin of the International Dairy Federation, 31–35

  • Morrison, S.J., Dawson, S. and Carson, S.F., 2010. The effects of mannan oligosaccharide and Streptococcus faecium addition to milk replacer on calf health and performance, Livestock Science, 131(2), 292–296

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nargeskhani, A., Dabiri, N., Esmaeilkhanian, S., Alipour M.Mohammad.and Bojarpour M., 2010. Effects of Mannanoligosaccharide–β Glucan or Antibiotics on Health and Performance of Dairy Calves, Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 10(1), 29–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman, K.E., Jacques, K. and Buede, R.P., 1993. Effect of mannan oligosaccharide supplementation of milk replacer on gain, performance and fecal bacteria of Holstein calves, Journal of Animal Science, 71(Supplement 1), 271 (Abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman, K.E. and Newman, M.C., 2001. Evaluation of mannan oligosaccharide on the microflora and immunoglobulin status of sows and piglet performance, Journal of Animal Science, 79 (Supplement 1),784

    Google Scholar 

  • Ofek, I., Mirelman, D. and Sharon, N., 1977. Adhrence of E. coli. to human microbial cells mediated by mannose receptors, Nature, 265, 623-625

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Oli, M. W., Petschow, B.W. and Buddington, R.K., 1998. Evaluation of fructooligosaccharide supplementation of oral electrolyte solutions for treatment of diarrhea: recovery of the intestinal bacteria, Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 265, 623–625

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyofo, B.A., Deloach, J.R., Corrier, D.E., Norman, J.O., Ziprin, R.L. and Mollenhauer, H.H., 1989a. Inhibition by mannose of in vitro colonization of chicken small intestine by Salmonella typhimurium, Poultry Science, 68, 1351

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Oyofo, B.A., Deloach, J.R., Corrier, D.E., Norman, J.O., Ziprin, R.L. and Mollenhauer, H.H., 1989b. Prevention of Salmonella typhimurium colonization of broilers with D-mannose, Poultry Science, 68, 1357

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Quigley, J.D., III, Drewry, J.J., Murray, L.M. and Ivey, S.J., 1997. Body weight gain, feed efficiency, and fecal scores of dairy calves in respose to galactosyl-lactose or antibiotics in milk replacer, Journal of Dairy Science, 80, 1751–1754

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Quigley, J.D., III, Kost, C.J. and Wolfe, T.A., 2002. Effects of spray dried animal plasma in milk replacers or additives containing serum and oligosacchrides on groth and health of calves, Journal of Dairy Science, 85, 413–421

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Roberfroid, M.B., Banloo, J. and Gibson, G.R., 1998. The Bifidogenic nature of Chicory Inulin and its Hydrolysis products, Journal of Nutrition, 128, 11–19

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shahani, K.M., Vakil, J.R. and Kilara, A., 1977. Natural antibiotic activity of Lactobacillus acidiphilus and bulgaricus. II. Isolation of acidiphilin from L. acidophilus, Cultured Dairy Products Journal, 12(2), 8–11

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Spring, P., Wenk, C., Dawson, K.A. and Newman, K.E., 2000. The effects of dietary mannanolgosaccharides on cecal parameters and the concentrations of enteric bacteria in the ceca of salmonella-challenged broiler chicks, Poultry Science, 79, 205–211

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Terre, M., Calvo, M. A., Adelantado, C., Kocher A. and Bach A., 2007. Effects of mannan oligosaccharides on performance and microorganism fecal counts of calves following an enhanced-growth feeding program, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 137(1–2), 115–125

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Van Loo, J., Cummings, J., Dolzonne, N., Englyst, H., Frank, A., Hopkins, M., Kok, N., Macfarlane, G., Newton, D., Quigley, M., Roberfroid, M., Van Vliet, T. and Van Don Hauvel, E., 1999. Functional food properties of non-digestible oligosaccharides: a consensus report from the ENDO project (DGXII-AIRII-CT94-1095), British Journal of Nutrition, 81, 121–132

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • White, LA., Newman, M.C., Cromwell, G.L. and Lindemann, M.D., 2002. Brewers dried yeast as a source of mannan oligosaccharides for weanling pigs, Journal of Animal Science, 80, 2619–2628

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sudipta Ghosh.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ghosh, S., Mehla, R.K. Influence of dietary supplementation of prebiotics (mannanoligosaccharide) on the performance of crossbred calves. Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 617–622 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9944-8

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9944-8

Keywords

  • Calf
  • Preruminant
  • Prebiotic
  • Mannanoligosaccharide
  • Performance
  • Body weight gain
  • Feed conversion efficiency