Skip to main content

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in Beetal goats

An Erratum to this article was published on 10 January 2012

Abstract

Seroprevalence, clinical findings, and lesions of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) in Beetal goats were recorded during an outbreak. The overall seroprevalence of CCPP was 32.50%. Confirmation of Mycoplasma mycoides in serum was carried out using counter immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) technique. The highest CIE-positive cases were recorded in the older goats (51.72%) as compared to young ones. Nasal swabs collected from 39 goats showing respiratory signs were found positive for M. mycoides. The most consistent clinical findings were mild to severe cough, purulent nasal secretion, emaciation, dyspnea, increased respiration rate, and pyrexia. Mortality due to CCPP was 9.17%. Consolidation of lungs exhibited the highest frequency (100%), followed by alveolar exudation (90.90%) and pleural adhesion (72.72%). Among the microscopic lesions, septal peribronchiolar fibrosis exhibited the highest frequency (81.81%), followed by fibrinous pleuritis (63.63%) and peribronchiolar cuffing of mononuclear cells (54.54%) in lungs. From these results, it was concluded that CCPP under subtropical conditions has high prevalence in Beetal goats and leads to significant mortality.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  • Afzal, M., 2010. Re-designing smallholder dairy production in Pakistan, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 30, 187–190

    Google Scholar 

  • Arif, A., Schulz, J., Thiaucourt, F., Taha, A. and Hammer, S., 2007. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia outbreak in captive wild ungulates at Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation, State of Qatar, Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 38, 93–96

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Awan, M.A., Abbas, F., Yasinzai, M., Nicholas, R.A.J., Babar, S., Ayling, R.D., Attique, M.A. and Ahmed, Z., 2009. Prevalence of Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capricolum and Mycoplasma putrefaciens in goats in Pishin district of Balochistan, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 29, 179–185

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Balikci, E., Kizil, O., Karapinar, T., Karahan, M., Ozdemir, H. and Dabak M., 2008. Efficacy of marbofloxacin for naturally occurring contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, Small Ruminant Research, 77, 75–79

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Çetinkaya, B., Kalin, R., Karahan, M. Atil, E., Manso-Silván, L. and Thiaucourt F., 2009. Detection of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in East Turkey, Review of Science and Technology Office International des Epizooties, 28 (3), 1037–1044

    Google Scholar 

  • De la Fe, C., Gómez Martín, A., Amores, J., Corrales, J.C., Sánchez, A., Poveda, J.B. and Contreras, A., 2010. Latent infection of male goats with Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies capri at an artificial insemination centre, The Veterinary Journal, 186, 113–115

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ettorre, C., Sacchini, F., Scacchia, M. and Salda, L.D., 2007. Pneumonia of lambs in the Abruzzo region of Italy: anatomopathological and istopathological studies and localisation of Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae, Veterinaria Italiana, 43, 149–155

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fiaz, M., Usmani, R.H., Abdullah, M. and Ahmad, T., 2010. Evaluation of semen quality of Holstein Friesian and Jersey bulls maintained under subtropical environment, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 30, 75–78

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gelagay, A., Teshale, S., Amsaluc, W. and Esayas, G., 2007. Prevalence of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in the Borana pastoral areas of Ethiopia, Small Ruminant Research, 70, 131–135

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Goncalves, R., Mariano, I., Nunez, A., Branco, S., Fairfoul, G. And Nicholas, R., 2010. Atypical non-progressive pneumonia in goats, The Veterinary Journal, 183, 219–221

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hernandez, L., Lopez, J., St-Jacques, M., Ontiveros, L., Acosta, J. and Handel, K., 2006. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri associated with goat respiratory disease and high flock mortality, Canadian Veterinary Journal, 47, 366–369

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hussain, I., Rasool, M.H. and Mahmood, M.S., 2004. production of yperimmune serum against infectious bursal disease virus in rabbits, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 2004, 24,179–183

    Google Scholar 

  • Khan, F.M., 2010. Participatory appraisal and scanning surveillance based contagious diseases risk profile of district Rahim Yar Khan (Pakistan), Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 30, 198–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Khan, A., Saleemi, M.K., Khan, M.Z., Gul, S.T., Irfan, M. and Qamar, M.S., 2011. Hemorrhagic septicemia in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves under sub-tropical conditions in Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 43, 295–302

    Google Scholar 

  • Kusiluka, L.T.M., Semuguraka,W.D., Kazwala, R.R. and Fris, N.F., 2000. Demonstration of Mccp and Mmmsc type in outbreaks of caprine pleuropneumnia in Eastern Tanzania, Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 41, 311–319

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Martin, W.B., 1996. Respiratory infections of sheep, Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 19, 171–179

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Momani, W.A., Mahmoud A. Halablab, Mahmoud N. Shehada, A., Miles, K., McAuliffe, L. and Nicholas, R.A.J., 2006. Isolation and molecular identification of small ruminant mycoplasmas in Jordan, Small Ruminant Research, 65, 106–112

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • OIE, 2004. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. Manual of standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines. Office International Des Epizootics (OIE). 3rd ed. Paris France. pp. 503–513

    Google Scholar 

  • Ongor, H., Kalin, R. and Acik, M.N., 2011. Detection of Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae from goats with nasal discharge by culture and polymerase chain reaction, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 31, 244–248

    Google Scholar 

  • Philpott, M. and Onoviron, O., 1979. The use of counter immunoelectrophoresis in the diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Journal of Comparative Pathology, 89, 301–303

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rahman, S.U., Siddique, M., and Rassol, M.H., 2006. Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma mycoides sub species capri in ruminants and camel, Small Ruminant Research, 63, 28–31

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Srivastava, A.K., Meenowa, D., Barden, G., Salguero, F.J., Churchward, C. and Nicholas, R.A.J., 2010. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in Mauritius, Veterinary Record, 167, 304–305

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Riaz Hussain.

Additional information

An erratum to this article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-0018-8.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hussain, R., Auon, M., Khan, A. et al. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in Beetal goats. Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 477–481 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9922-1

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9922-1

Keywords

  • Beetal goat
  • Pakistan
  • CCPP
  • Seroprevalence
  • Pathology