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Capacity building: benchmark for production of meat with low levels of bacterial contamination in local slaughterhouses in Somaliland


The objective of the study was to investigate and assess the impact of trainings on the levels of meat contamination produced from local livestock slaughter facilities in the North-West region of Somalia (Somaliland). The investigation considered slaughter facilities where workers had been trained or not. The survey was carried out in four local slaughter facilities. A pre-tested questionnaire on abattoir hygiene and food safety standards was administered to International Aid Organizations, government officials, abattoir workers and supervisors. In addition, a total of 320 surface meat swab samples were collected from randomly selected small ruminant carcasses slaughtered from four purposefully selected local slaughter facilities. The samples were analyzed at Analabs laboratories in Nairobi, Kenya, for total viable counts, total coliforms count and presence of Salmonella species. Meat contamination risk factors associated with hygiene practices based on training offered or not was identified. It was noted that slaughter facilities where abattoir workers had not received trainings on minimum meat hygiene standards and quality assurance systems of good hygiene practices and sanitary standard operating procedures produced carcasses with high levels of bacterial contamination in comparison with those where workers had received the said trainings. The laboratory results were in agreement with poor hygiene meat handling practices and lack of compliance with minimum meat hygiene and food safety standards in Berbera and Burao local livestock slaughter facilities where personnel had not been trained.

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Fig. 1



Codex Alimentarius Commission


Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations


United Nations


Non-governmental organization


World Animal Health Organization


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Many individuals enabled the successful accomplishment of this task; their invaluable support is very much appreciated. The investigators express their heartfelt appreciation to Graham Farmer, the officer-in-charge of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Somalia office for accepting and allowing us total access to FAO facilities, documents and finances that proved handy in this research work. Mr. Abdullahi Hussein, the project manager of the EC project, which sponsored the data collection and laboratory analysis, is gratefully acknowledged. Mohammed Jama, officer in-charge of the FAO Hargeisa office, Somaliland, is recognized for his invaluable support. All Analabs laboratory technicians are acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Kinyanjui Wamalwa.

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Wamalwa, K., Castiello, M., Ombui, J.N. et al. Capacity building: benchmark for production of meat with low levels of bacterial contamination in local slaughterhouses in Somaliland. Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 427–433 (2012).

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  • Training
  • Meat
  • Hygiene standards
  • Contamination
  • Slaughter facilities
  • Somaliland