Skip to main content

Selenium and copper status of camels in Al-Jouf area (Saudi Arabia)

Abstract

In order to understand the changes in copper and selenium status in camel dam and calf around the calving period, blood samples were collected in 26 she-camel before delivery and after as well as their calves after birth. The mean values for the mother and their newborn were respectively 70.3 ± 19.8 and 58.6 ± 13.9 μg/100 ml for copper, 5.3 ± 3.7 and 4.6 ± 1.7 μg/100 ml for selenium. No change was observed for copper, but selenium increased after parturition in 81% of the case. The selenium status of camel calf was correlated with those of its mother, but not the copper. As the whole the correlation between selenium and copper was significantly positive. The selenium status was improved in camel receiving diet enriched with barley. The maternal transfer to milk has to be investigated.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  • Abdel Rahim, A.G., 2005. The relationship between whole blood selenium (Se) concentration and the activity of the seleno-enzyme, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px E.C.I.11.1.9) in camel (Camelus dromedarius), Journal of Arid Environment, 62, 359–362

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Abu Damir, H., Tartour, G., Adam, S.E.I., 1983. Mineral contents in livestock in Eastern Sudan, Tropical Animal Health Production, 15, 15–16

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Abu Damir, H., Abbas, T.A., Ali, A.M., 2008. Copper status in breeding and racing camels (Camelus dromedarius) and response to cupric oxide needle capsules, Tropical Animal Health Production, 40, 643–648

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Barri, M.E.S., Al-Sultan, S.I., 2007. Studies on selenium and vitamin E status of young Megaheem dromedary camels at Al-Ahsa province, Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 14, 51–53

    Google Scholar 

  • Bengoumi, M., Essamadi, A.K., Tressol, J.C., Chacornac, J.P., Faye, B., 1998a. Comparative effect of selenium concentration and erythrocyte gluthatione peroxidase activity in cattle and camels, Animal Sciences, 67, 461–466

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bengoumi, M., Essamadi, K., Tressol, J.C, Faye, B., 1998b. Comparative study of copper and zinc metabolism in cattle and camel, Biological Trace Element Research, 63, 81–94

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cabaraux, J.F., Hornick, J.L., Istasse, L., Dufrasne, I., 2004. Impact des différents modes d’apports alimentaires de sélénium sur le statut en sélénium plasmatique chez les bovins. Renc. Rech. Ruminants, 11éme Cong. Intl francophone, Paris, 11, 59–62

  • Demirevska-Kepova, K., Simova-Stoilova, L., Stoyanova, Z., Hölzer, R., Feller, U., 2004. Biochemical changes in barley plants after excessive supply of copper and manganese, Environmental Experiment Botany, 52, 253–266

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • El Khouly, A.A.; Abbas, T.A.; Moustafa, T., 2001. Myocardial dystrophy in camel calves in the United Arab Emirates (field cases), Emirates Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13, 11–17

    Google Scholar 

  • Eltahir, Y.E., Ali, H. A., Mansour, M.H., Maghoub, O., 2010. Serum mineral contents of the Omani Racing Arabian camels (Camelus dromedarius), Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9 (4), 764–770

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eltohamy, M.M., Salama, A., Youssef, A.E.A., 1986. Blood constituents in relation to the reproductive state in she-camel (Camelus dromedarius), Beitrage zür Trop. Landwirtschaft und Veterinär Medicine, 24, 425–430

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Grillet, C., 1984. La carence en cuivre chez les ruminants domestiques de la région d’Awash (Ethiopie), Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des, Pays Tropicaux, 37, 42–60

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Mulato, C., 1991. Facteurs de variation des paramètres protéo-énergétiques, enzymatiques et minéraux dans le plasma chez le dromadaire de Djibouti, Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des. Pays Tropicaux, 44, 325–334

    Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Ratovonanahary, M., Cherrier, R., 1993. Effet d’un facteur alimentaire sur la pathologie néonatale, résultats d’une enquête rétrospective sur la distribution de mangrove aux chamelons en République de Djibouti, Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 46, 471–478

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Bengoumi, M., 1994. Trace-elements status in camels, a review, Biological Trace Element Research, 41, 1–11

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Bengoumi, M., 1997. Comparative trace-element status in camel and cow, Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 4, 213–215

    Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Bengoumi, M., 2000. Le dromadaire face à a sous-nutrition minérale, un aspect méconnu de son adaptabilité aux conditions désertiques, Revue Sécheresse, 11(3), 155–116

    Google Scholar 

  • Faye, B., Seboussi, R., Alhadrami, G., 2009. Meta-analysis of the interactions between selenium status and haematological and mineral parameters in camel blood, Trends in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 14, 25–34

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gürdogan, F., Yildiz A. and E. Balicli, 2006. Investigation of serum Cu, Zn, Fe and Se concentrations during pregnancy (60, 100 and 150 days) and after parturition (45 days) in single and twin pregnant sheep, Turkey Journal of Veterinary Animal Sciences, 30, 61–64.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamliri, A., Olson, W.G., Johnson, D.W., Kessabi, M., 1990. Evaluation of biochemical evidence of congenital nutritional myopathy in the two-week prepartum fetuses from selenium-deficient ewes, Journal of American Veterinary Medicine Association, 51, 1112–1115

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Huang, K.X., Clausen, J., 1994. Uptake, distribution and turnover rates of selenium in barley, Biological Trace Element Research, 40, 213–223

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Liu, Z.P., Ma, Z., Zhang, Y.J., 1994. Studies on the relationship between sway disease of Bactrian camels and copper status in Gansu province, Veterinary Research Communications, 18, 251–260

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Marx, W., Abdi, N.H., 1983. Serum levels of trace elements and minerals in dromedaries, Animal Research and Development, 17, 83–87

    Google Scholar 

  • Mohamed, H.E., 2006. The zinc and copper content of the plasma of Sudanese camels (Camelus dromedarius), Veterinary Research Communications, 28, 359–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nazifi, S., Mansourian, M., Nikhaval, B., Razavi, S.M., 2009. The relationship between serum level of thyroid hormones, trace elements and antioxidant enzymes in dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius), Tropical Animal Health Production, 41, 129–134

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rutagwenda, T., Lechner-Doll, M., Kaske, M., Engelhardt, W. V., Schultka, W., Schwartz, H. J., 1989. Adaptation strategies of camels on a thornbush savannah pasture, comparison with other domestic animals. Options Méditerranéennes, Série Séminaires n°2, C.I.H.E.A.M., 69–73

  • Seboussi, R., Faye, B., Alhadrami, G., 2004. Facteurs de variation de quelques éléments trace (sélénium, cuivre, zinc) et d’enzymes témoins de la souffrance musculaire (CPK, ALT et AST) dans le sérum du dromadaire (Camelus dromedarius) aux Emirats Arabes Unis, Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des. Pays Tropicaux, 57, 87–94

    Google Scholar 

  • Seboussi, R., Faye, B., Askar, M., Hassan, K., Alhadrami, G., 2009a. G. Effect of selenium supplementation on blood status and milk, urine and fecal excretion in pregnant and lactating camel, Biological Trace Element Research, 128, 45–57

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Seboussi, R., Faye, B., Alhadrami, G., Askar, M., Wissam, I., Mahjoub, B., Hassan, K, Mustafa, T., El-Khouly, A., 2009b. Selenium distribution in camel blood and organs after different level of dietary selenium supplementation, Biological Trace Element Research, 133 (1), 34–50

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Seboussi, R., Faye, B., Alhadrami, G., Askar, M., Ibrahim, W., Hassan, K., Mahjoub, B.,2008. Effect of different selenium supplementation levels on selenium status in camel, Biological Trace Element Research, 123, 124–138

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Seboussi, R., Faye, B., Alhadrami, G., Askar, M., Bengoumi, M., Elkhouly, A., 2009c. Chronic selenosis in camel, Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 16(1), 1–14

    Google Scholar 

  • Shen, X., Lia, X., 2010. Studies of “emaciation ailment” in the Bactrian camel, African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 8492–9497

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tartour, G., 1975. Copper status in livestock, pasture and soil in Western Sudan, Tropical Animal Health Production, 7, 87–94

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tartour, G., Idris, O.F., 1970. Studies of copper and iron metabolism in the camel fetus, Acta Veterinary (Brno), 39, 397–403

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Travnicek, J., Pisek, L., Herzig, I., Doucha, J., Kvicala, J., Kroupova, V., Rodinova, H., 2007. Selenium content in the blood serum and urine of ewes receiving selenium-enriched unicellular alga chlorella, Veterinari Medicina, 52, 42–48

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wadge, A., Hutton, M., 1986. The uptake of cadmium, lead and selenium by barley and cabbage grown on soils amended with refuse incinerator, Plant and Soil, 96, 407–412

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wang, F., Yan, J., Xiao, T.F., Ning, Z-P., Cheng, J.P., 1994. Determination of Selenium Content in Grains of Ten Barley Varieties, Guizhou Agricultural Sciences, 37(4), 33–34

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study was carried out within FAO project UTF/SAU/021/SAU with the support of Camel and range research Center (CRRC). The authors thank Mr. Sallal Issa Al-Mutairi, head of the CRRC, for his encouragements and support.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bernard Faye.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Athamna, O.M., Bengoumi, M. & Faye, B. Selenium and copper status of camels in Al-Jouf area (Saudi Arabia). Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 551–556 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9910-5

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9910-5

Keywords

  • Trace element
  • Selenium
  • Calving
  • Camel
  • Requirements
  • Diet