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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 173–177 | Cite as

Pathology and molecular diagnosis of paratuberculosis of camels

  • Khaled B. Alharbi
  • Abdulaziz Al-Swailem
  • Musaad A. Al-Dubaib
  • Essam Al-Yamani
  • Abdelmohsen Al-Naeem
  • Maher Shehata
  • Mahmoud E. Hashad
  • Khaled A. Albusadah
  • Osama M. MahmoudEmail author
Original Research

Abstract

Camels are the prime source of meat and milk in many desert regions of the world including Saudi Arabia. Paratuberculosis of camels, locally called Silag, is a serious and invariably fatal disease in the Arabian camel. Six camels were used in this study. Five camels with clinical paratuberculosis were used to study the pathology of the disease and confirm its aetiology. The sixth camel was clinically healthy and used as a control. The camels were examined clinically and bled for haematological and blood chemistry analysis. They were then humanely killed with a high intravenous dose of thiopental sodium (10 mg/kg) for pathological studies as well as obtaining tissues for microbiological and molecular studies. The clinical signs of the disease were emaciation, diarrhoea, alopecia, wry neck and pale mucous membranes. Laboratory diagnosis showed reduced haemoglobin concentration, low haematocrit and high activity of the serum enzyme alanine aminotransferase. Serum creatinine concentration was normal. These results indicated the infected camels were anaemic and the function of their livers was affected. Postmortem examination showed thickened and corrugated intestinal mucosa, enlarged granulomatous mesenteric lymph nodes, miliary and diffuse granulomas in the liver (in four camels), generalized lymph node granulomas (in one camel), splenic granuloma (in one camel) and mediastinal lymph node granuloma (in two camels). Histopathological examination showed diffuse infiltration of macrophages in all organs showing lesions. Ziehl–Neelsen staining of tissue scraping and tissue sections showed masses of acid fast bacilli, except for the spleen. Infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis was confirmed by PCR by targeting the IS900 gene.

Keywords

Paratuberculosis Camel Pathology PCR 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khaled B. Alharbi
    • 2
  • Abdulaziz Al-Swailem
    • 1
  • Musaad A. Al-Dubaib
    • 2
  • Essam Al-Yamani
    • 1
  • Abdelmohsen Al-Naeem
    • 3
  • Maher Shehata
    • 1
  • Mahmoud E. Hashad
    • 2
  • Khaled A. Albusadah
    • 3
  • Osama M. Mahmoud
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.King Abdulaziz City for Science and TechnologyRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.College of Agriculture and Veterinary MedicineQassim UniversityBuraidahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal ResourcesKing Faisal UniversityHofufSaudi Arabia

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