Socioeconomic characteristics of urban and peri-urban dairy production systems in the North western Ethiopian highlands


In order to evaluate the socio-economic characteristics of urban and peri-urban dairy production systems in the North western Ethiopian highlands, a field survey was conducted which included 256 farms. It is concluded that urban farmers tend to specialize on dairy production and support the family income from non-agricultural activities, while agricultural activities other than milk production forms an additional source of income in peri-urban farms. The specialization of urban dairy producers includes the more frequent use of crossbred cows with higher milk yield. Urban and peri-urban dairy production contributes to food security of the population and family income of the farmers’ families, but also provides a job opportunity for otherwise unemployed people. Access to farm land, level of education and access to certain input services such as training, veterinary and credit services were identified as the major constraints for the future development of the dairy sector.

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The authors are very grateful to the Austrian Exchange Service (ÖAD) and Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI, Ethiopia) for their financial support. The support of Dr. Getachew Alemayehu and Dr. Eshete Dejen (ARARI, Ethiopia) were particularly important. We would like also to express our gratitude to the livestock owners for their cooperation during data collection and to the staff of Andasssa Livestock Research Centre for their technical and logistical assistance. Dr. Roswitha Baumung's (BOKU) help in all statistical aspects is highly acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Maria Wurzinger.

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Ayenew, Y.A., Wurzinger, M., Tegegne, A. et al. Socioeconomic characteristics of urban and peri-urban dairy production systems in the North western Ethiopian highlands. Trop Anim Health Prod 43, 1145–1152 (2011).

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  • Cattle
  • Dairy
  • Ethiopia
  • Peri-urban agriculture
  • Socio-economy
  • Urban agriculture