Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 745–747 | Cite as

Evidence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) infection in Sindh Ibex (Capra aegagrus blythi) in Pakistan as confirmed by detection of antigen and antibody

  • Muhammad Abubakar
  • Zahid Iqbal Rajput
  • Muhammad Javed Arshed
  • Ghulam Sarwar
  • Qurban Ali
Brief Communication

Abstract

An outbreak resulting in mortality in Sindh Ibex (Capra aegagrus blythi) was investigated. There was a history of about 36 deaths (both young and adult) during the period of 1 month. Disease appeared in a generalized form, affecting the respiratory and digestive systems. Major lesions were respiratory distress, pustules on and in the mouth, ocular–nasal discharges, and severe diarrhea. The most significant lesion was the oculonasal discharges and diarrhea. Deaths were mainly due to blindness, anorexia, diarrhea, and respiratory arrest. Both adult (mortality = 21) and young (mortality = 15) animals were affected with the disease. Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) antigen was detected in the spleen, lung, lymph node, and swab samples by immunocapture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Spleen and lung samples were also tested and found positive for the presence of F-gene of PPRV by polymerase chain reaction. Thirteen of 20 serum samples from nearby sheep and goats were found positive for antibodies to PPRV. The disease threatened the huge population of ibex in the wild life park, which was spread over a large area, but vaccination of the domestic population of sheep and goats in the surrounding villages appeared to control the disease.

Keywords

Outbreak Peste des petits ruminants Mortality Sindh Ibex Pakistan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the efforts of Wildlife Department, Sindh; Department of Animal Husbandry, Sindh; and Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tandojam, Sindh for the cooperation in the sampling process.

References

  1. Abu-Elzein, E. M. E., Housawi, F. M. T., Bashareek, Y., Gameel, A. A., Al-Afaleq A. I., and E. Anderson, 2004. Severe PPR infection in gazelles kept under semi-free range conditions. Journal of Veterinary Medicine-B, 51, 68–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, J. and McKay, 1994. The detection of antibodies against PPR virus in cattle, sheep and goats and the possible implications to rinderpest control programme. Epidemiology and Infection. 112, 225–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Forsyth, M.A., and Barrett T., 1995. Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction for the detection and characterization of rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants viruses for epidemiological studies. Virus Research, 39(2–3), 151–163.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Govindarajan R, Koteeswaran A, Venugopalan AT, Shyam G, Shaouna S, Shaila MS, Ramachandran S., 1997. Isolation of peste des petits ruminants virus from an outbreak in Indian buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Veterinary Record, 141, 573–574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Libeau, G., Diallo, A., Colas, F., Guerre, L., 1994. Rapid differential diagnosis of rinderpest and peste des petitis ruminants using an immunocapture ELISA. Veterinary Record, 134, 300–304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Abubakar
    • 1
  • Zahid Iqbal Rajput
    • 1
  • Muhammad Javed Arshed
    • 1
  • Ghulam Sarwar
    • 2
  • Qurban Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.National Veterinary LaboratoryIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Animal HusbandrySindhPakistan

Personalised recommendations