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Slaughter stock abattoir survey of carcasses and organ/offal condemnations in Arusha region, northern Tanzania

Abstract

The current study reviews a 3-year record of slaughtered animals in Arusha abattoir to determine the causes of carcasses and organ/offal condemnations. A total of 115,186 cattle, 61,551 sheep, 37,850 goats and 13,310 pigs were slaughtered. Out of the slaughtered cattle, 8.6% were pregnant. Up to 125 (0.108%), 39 (0.063%), 40 (0.106%) and 132 (0.992%) of all cattle, sheep, goats and pig carcasses, respectively, were totally condemned. Cysticercosis was the leading cause of total carcass condemnations in cattle (0.051%) and in pig (1.397%), while emaciation accounted for 0.045% and 0.074% of carcass condemnations in sheep and goats, respectively. Livers and lungs were the most condemned organs in all four animal species. The main cause of condemnations of cattle livers was fasciolosis (8.6%), while stilesiosis in sheep and goats accounted for 8.1% and 7.3%, respectively. Ascariasis (4.03%) was the only cause of liver condemnation in pigs. Pneumonia was the leading cause of lung condemnations at the rates of 3.99%, 2.43% and 2.83% in cattle, sheep and goats, respectively. Because of their zoonotic nature, occurrences of hydatidosis, cysticercosis, fasciolosis and tuberculosis may pose a public health risk. Thus, there is a need to introduce appropriate control measures of livestock diseases to minimise the rate of infection and reduce economic losses.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to the Arusha abattoir management, meat inspectors, and the Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries for their cooperation and accepting to use the records as data for this paper.

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Correspondence to Hezron Emmanuel Nonga.

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Mellau, B., Nonga, H. & Karimuribo, E. Slaughter stock abattoir survey of carcasses and organ/offal condemnations in Arusha region, northern Tanzania. Trop Anim Health Prod 43, 857–864 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9773-1

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Keywords

  • Livestock diseases
  • Abattoir records
  • Condemnation
  • Cattle
  • Sheep
  • Goats