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Temporal changes in circulating levels of plasma interleukin-8 during peripartum period in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) under subtropical climate

Abstract

The objective of this study was to elucidate the changes in circulating levels of plasma interleukin-8 (IL-8) during peripartum period in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). IL-8 was estimated in blood plasma of healthy peripartum Murrah buffaloes (n = 6) on days ±30, ±15, ±5, ±3, ±1 and 0 pre- and postpartum with respect to the day of parturition (day 0) in each of the two different seasons (hot–humid and spring). The mean microclimate Temperature–Humidity Index (THI) during spring season was significantly lower (p < 0.01) than the corresponding THI in hot–humid season. In both the seasons, plasma IL-8 remained lower in prepartum period (≤46.56 ± 14.08 pg/ml during spring and ≤ 73.18 ± 18.56 pg/ml during hot–humid season) than in the postpartum period (≥51.41 ± 13.82 pg/ml during spring and ≥ 84.13 ± 16.97 pg/ml in hot humid season). During spring, the IL-8 levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) on days +5 and +15 postpartum in comparison to the IL-8 levels on days −30, −5, and −3 prepartum. During hot–humid season, IL-8 level was significantly higher (P < 0.05) on day +30 as compared to the IL-8 levels on days −30 and −5 prepartum. The correlation between IL-8 and mean microclimate THI was significant (r = 0.25, P < 0.01). From the results, it is concluded that peripartum period in buffaloes is associated with an inflammatory response leading to significantly higher plasma IL-8 during parturition and postpartum period than in the pre-partum period.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Director, NDRI, Karnal for providing the facilities for the execution of this work. Authors also thank Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi for funding the IL-8 kit for this study. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Vijay Kumar.

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Kumar, V., Kumar, P., Mohan, K. et al. Temporal changes in circulating levels of plasma interleukin-8 during peripartum period in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) under subtropical climate. Trop Anim Health Prod 43, 669–674 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9751-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9751-7

Keywords

  • Plasma interleukin-8
  • Murrah buffaloes
  • Peripartum
  • Seasons
  • THI