Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 561–567

Nutritive value of some tropical grasses used by traditional small farms in the highlands of Burundi

  • André Nivyobizi
  • Armand Deswysen
  • Daniel Dehareng
  • Alain Peeters
  • Yvan Larondelle
Article

Abstract

The objective was to estimate—according to the French feeding system—the nutritive value of three tropical grasses (Eragrostis olivacea, Setaria sphacelata and Tripsacum laxum) used in traditional small farms of Burundi. Dry matter (DM) yield was monitored on anti-erosive hedges or on small fields in 60 small farms for eight consecutive years. DM intake and digestibility values were measured on seven steers or seven male sheep. Degradability values were determined on three sheep. S. sphacelata exhibited higher DM yield (t ha−1), energy (UF, kg−1 DM) and protein (PDI, g kg−1 DM) values (17.3, 0.73 and 68, respectively) than T. laxum (9.11, 0.64 and 47) and E. olivacea (not determined, 0.46 and 42). The UF and PDI intakes of these grass species were able to meet only 51% to 92% of the energy and 59% to 133% of the protein requirements for maintenance of the experimental animals.

Keywords

Nutritive value Tropical grasses In vivo In sacco Small farms 

References

  1. AOAC 1995. Official Methods of Analysis, 16th edn. (AOAC, Arlington, VA).Google Scholar
  2. Dean, D.B., Adesogan, A.T., Krueger, N.A. and Littell, R.C., 2008. Effects of treatment with ammonia or fibrolytic enzymes on chemical composition and ruminal degradability of hays produced from tropical grasses. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145, 68–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. France, J., Dijkstra, J., Dhanoa, M.S., Lopez, S. and Bannink, A., 2000. Estimating the extent of degradation of ruminant feeds from a description of their gas production profiles observed in vitro: derivation of models and other mathematical considerations. British Journal of Nutrition, 83 (2), 143–150.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gherbin, P., Franchi, A.S. de Monteleone, M. and Rivelli, A.R., 2007. Adaptability and productivity of some warm-season pasture species in a Mediterranean environment. Grass and Forage Science, 62, 78–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Grimaud, P., Sauzier, J., Bheekhee, R., Thomas, P. (2006). Nutritive value of tropical pastures in Mauritius. Tropical Animal and Health Production, 38, 159–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. INRA, 1978. Alimentation des ruminants. (Ed. INRA, Versailles).Google Scholar
  7. INRA, 1988. Alimentation des bovins, ovins & caprins. (Ed. INRA, Paris).Google Scholar
  8. Lopez, S., France, J., Dhanoa, M.S., Mould, F. and Dijkstra, J., 1999. Comparison of mathematical models to describe disappearance curves obtained using the polyester bag technique for incubating feeds in the rumen. Journal of Animal Science, 77 (7), 1875–1888.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Kozloski, G.V., Perottoni, J. and Sanchez, L.M.B., 2005. Influence of regrowth age on the nutritive value of dwarf elephant grass hay (Pennisetum purpureum Schum. cv. Mott) consumed by lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 119, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nivyobizi, A., Deswysen, A.G., Moreau, B., Dehareng, D., Larondelle, Y. and Peeters, A., 2007. The choice of a fitting model for in sacco degradation curves of some temperate and tropical grasses. Grass and Forage Science, 62, 198–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pamo, E.T., Boukila, B., Fonteh, F.A., Tendonkeng, F., Kana, J.R. and Nanda, A.S., 2007. Nutritive value of some grasses and leguminous tree leaves of the Central region of Africa. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 135, 273–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. SAS, 1994. User’s guide: Statistics, Version 6, 4th Edition. (SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC).Google Scholar
  13. Thomas, T.A., 1977. An automated procedure for the determination of soluble carbohydrates in herbage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 28, 639–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A., 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583–3597.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Xandé, A., Garcia-Trujillo, R. and Caceres, O., 1989. Feeds of the humid tropics (West Indies). In: R. Jarrige (ed), Ruminant nutrition—Recommended allowances and feed tables, 347–363.Google Scholar
  16. Zemmelink, G. and ‘t Mannetje, L., 2002. Value for animal production (VAP): a new criterion for tropical forage evaluation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 96, 31–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Nivyobizi
    • 1
  • Armand Deswysen
    • 2
  • Daniel Dehareng
    • 3
  • Alain Peeters
    • 4
  • Yvan Larondelle
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de biochimie de la nutritionUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain la NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Unité de génétique appliquéeUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain la NeuveBelgium
  3. 3.Agence fédérale pour la sécurité de la chaîne alimentaire, Unité provinciale de contrôle du Brabant wallonOttigniesBelgium
  4. 4.Unité d’écologie des prairiesUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain la NeuveBelgium

Personalised recommendations