Skip to main content


Log in

Prevalence and mortality rate of peste des petitis ruminant (ppr): possible association with abortion in goat

  • Short Communication
  • Published:
Tropical Animal Health and Production Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Present study was designed to investigate the prevalence and mortality (%) caused by Peste des Petitis Ruminant (PPR) and its possible association with abortion in goat flocks at different areas of Pakistan. A total of 140 animals were samples in the population of 650 which was having 185 deaths (Mortality rate = 28 %) from three different regions of the country. There were 58 abortions in the 140 pregnant goats of above said population One hundred & ten (110) serum samples from diseased, recovered and apparently healthy animals were tested for the presence of PPR antibodies by competitive ELISA (c ELISA). Eighty-four (84) animals were positive for PPR antibodies whereas in apparently healthy adult goats in the same flock, no PPR antibodies were detected. Twenty-four (24) tissue samples collected from the dead animals and six samples from aborted fetus were tested for the presence of PPR antigen by Immuno-capture ELISA (Ic ELISA). Nineteen (19) out of thirty (30) organ samples mainly from lung, spleen, lymph node were found positive for PPR antigen but negative from lungs of aborted fetus. There was a high rate of abortions (28–45 %) in each of the outbreak and it was highest in the outbreak of Golra Sharif, Islamabad (No. = 21 in total population of 100). As the serum samples from the aborted dams were found positive for PPR antibodies so the study provides the possible association of mortality and prevalence of PPR disease with high rate of abortions in goat.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.


  • Abegunde A. 1983. Problems connected with TCRV vaccination of sheep and goats. In: Hill D H (ed), Peste des petite ruminants (PPR) in sheep and goats. Proceedings of the international workshop held at IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, 24–26 September 1980. lLCA (International Livestock Centre for Africa), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 79–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ali, Q., 2004. National Policy for control of Peste des Petitis Ruminants in Pakistan. GCP/ PAK/ 088-EC, FAO, Islamabad.

  • Anderson, J., J. A. McKay and R. N. Butcher, 1991. The us of monoclonal antibodies in competitive ELISA for the detection of antibodies to rinderpest and Peste des Petitis Ruminants viruses. Panel Proc. IAEA-SM-318,. Interna. Sump. Nuclear and Related Tech. Anim. Prod. Hlth., Vienna, Austria.

  • Borel. N, K. Sachse, A. Rassbach, L. Bruckner, E. Vretou, E. Psarrou and A. PospischilOvine, 2005. enzootic abortion (OEA): Antibody response in vaccinated sheep compared to naturally infected sheep. Vet. Res. Commun., Volume 29, (1): 15–20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Economic survey, 2004–05. Economic Survey. Livestock Division, Ministry of Food, Agric. & Livestock, Islamabad-Pakistan.

  • FAO, 1999. Recognizing Peste des Petitis Ruminants— A Field Manual. FAO Animal Health Manual No. 5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 1–27.

  • Libeau, G., A. Diallo, F. Colas, and L. Guerre, 1994. Rapid differential diagnosis of Rinderpest and Peste Des Petitis Ruminants using an Immunocapture ELISA. Vet.Rec.134; 300–304.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Radostits, O. M., C. C. Gay, D. C. Blood, and K. W. Hinchcliff, 2000. Veterinary Medicine. 9th ed. W. B. Saunders Company Ltd. London. pp. 563–565.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, W. P. and Q. Ali, 2005. Recognizing PPR. A field manual of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan. Strengthening of Livestock Services Project, Federal Project management unit. EU/ GOP/ PAK/ RELEX/2001/0129.

  • Taylor W. P., S. al Busaidy, T. Barrett, 1990. The epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants in the Sultanate of Oman. Vet Microbiol. 22(4):341–52.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Muhammad Abubakar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Abubakar, M., Ali, Q. & Khan, H.A. Prevalence and mortality rate of peste des petitis ruminant (ppr): possible association with abortion in goat. Trop Anim Health Prod 40, 317–321 (2008).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: