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High Wear Resistance and Mechanical Performance of NiAl Bronze Developed by Electron Beam Powder Bed Fusion

Abstract

This work reports the additively manufactured NiAl bronze alloys via electron beam powder bed fusion (EB-PBF) that exhibit improved wear resistance without an increase of friction, exceeding those of conventional hot-rolled counterparts. High wear resistance is attributed to the formation of a Cu–O-rich transfer layer, and to exceptional mechanical strength induced by integrated effects including uniformly distributed precipitation, grain refinement, martensitic transformation around stacking faults, and a modulus mismatch between precipitates and the matrix. The simulation results indicate that the effect of the precipitate distribution on the internal stress field of the matrix is dependent on the external force direction. For the shear force, the uniformly distributed precipitates promote the overall stress concentration of the matrix, leading to its high work-hardening capability that plays a role in improving the wear resistance. This study reveals the potential of the EB-PBF technique to develop alloys with high wear resistance.

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Funding

This work was supported the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (52175169, 51805183); and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2020kfyXJJS0).

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WZ and WL conceived the concept and designed the methodology. WL lead the project. WL, WZ and JW fabricated the samples and conducted the experiments. WZ, AD, XJ, LP and JW analyzed the data. WZ wrote the manuscript. All co-authors contributed to the discussion and commented on the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jian Wang.

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The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Zhai, W., Sun, A., Zeng, W. et al. High Wear Resistance and Mechanical Performance of NiAl Bronze Developed by Electron Beam Powder Bed Fusion. Tribol Lett 69, 158 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-021-01534-7

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Keywords

  • Fretting
  • Metal-matrix composite
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Electron microscopy
  • Finite element modeling