Tribology Letters

, 67:88 | Cite as

A Simple Preparation of HDA-CuS Nanoparticles and Their Tribological Properties as a Water-Based Lubrication Additive

  • Junhua Zhao
  • Guangbin YangEmail author
  • Yujuan Zhang
  • Shengmao Zhang
  • Pingyu ZhangEmail author
Original Paper


In this paper, water-soluble CuS nanoparticles as water-based lubricant additives were synthesized by a simple surface modification method. Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) dithiocarbamic acid (HDA) was used as a modifier to ensure water solubility of nanoparticles, also acted as a reactant to offer sulfur source in this synthesis reaction of CuS. The tribological properties and thermal conductivity of as-prepared CuS nanoparticles modified by HDA (HDA-CuS) in distilled water were studied using UMT-2 micro friction tester and thermal conductivity meter. The results show that the as-prepared HDA-CuS nanoparticles can effectively improve the tribological behaviors and coefficient of thermal conductivity of distilled water. When the additive concentration is 0.8 wt%, the friction coefficient and wear rate are reduced by 78.3% and 93.7%, respectively, and the coefficient of thermal conductivity can be increased by 3%. The three-dimensional surface profiler, scanning electron microscope, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to analyze the worn surface. It was found that a complex lubricating film was generated on the surface of the friction pairs during the friction process.


CuS nanoparticles Water-based lubricant additive Tribological properties Heat transfer performance 



The authors acknowledge the financial support provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51775168, 21671053, and 51875172), scientific and technological innovation team of Henan Province University (Grant No. 19IRTSTHN024).


  1. 1.
    Yang, Y., Zhang, C.H., Dai, Y.J., Luo, J.B.: Tribological properties of titanium alloys under lubrication of SEE oil and aqueous solutions. Tribol. Int. 109, 40–47 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kim, H.J., Kim, D.E.: Water lubrication of stainless steel using reduced graphene oxide coating. Sci. Rep. 5, 17034 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ma, Q., Zhou, F., Gao, S., Wu, Z., Wang, Q.: Influence of boron content on the microstructure and tribological properties of Cr–B–N coatings in water lubrication. Appl. Surf. Sci. 377, 394–405 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen, C.Y., Wu, B.H., Chung, C.J., Chien, C.W., Wu, P.H., Cheng, C.W.: Low-friction characteristics of nanostructured surfaces on silicon carbide for water-lubricated seals. Tribol. Lett. 51, 127–133 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, Q., Zhou, F., Zhou, Z., Yang, Y., Yan, C., Wang, C.D., Zhang, W.J., Li, L.K., Bello, L., Lee, S.T.: Influence of Ti content on the structure and tribological properties of Ti-DLC coatings in water lubrication. Diam. Relat. Mater. 25, 163–175 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, Q., Zhou, F., Ding, X., Zhou, Z., Wang, C., Zhang, W., Li, L., Lee, S.: Microstructure and water-lubricated friction and wear properties of CrN(C) coatings with different carbon contents. Appl. Surf. Sci. 268, 579–587 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ji, H., Zhang, X., Tan, T.: Preparation of a water-based lubricant from lignocellulosic biomass and its tribological properties. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56, 7858–7864 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, Y., Du, Y., Deng, J., Wang, Z.: Friction reduction of water based lubricant with highly dispersed functional MoS2 nanosheets. Colloid Surf. A 562, 321–328 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guo, P., Chen, L., Wang, J., Geng, Z., Lu, Z., Zhang, G.: Enhanced tribological performance of aminated nano-silica modified graphene oxide as water-based lubricant additive. ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1, 6444–6453 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, H.D., Liu, Y.H., Chen, Z., Wu, B.B., Xu, S.L., Luo, J.B.: Layered double hydroxide nanoplatelets with excellent tribological properties under high contact pressure as water-based lubricant additives. Sci. Rep. 6, 22748 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang, C., Zhang, S., Song, S., Yang, G., Yu, L., Wu, Z., Li, X., Zhang, P.: Preparation and tribological properties of surface-capped copper nanoparticle as a water-based lubricant additive. Tribol. Lett. 54, 25–33 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu, H., Zhao, J., Xia, W., Cheng, X., He, A., Yun, J.H., Wang, L., Huang, H., Jiao, S., Huang, L., Zhang, S., Jiang, Z.: Analysis of TiO2 nano-additive water-based lubricants in hot rolling of microalloyed steel. J. Manuf. Process. 27, 26–36 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wu, H., Zhao, J., Xia, W., Cheng, X., He, A., Yun, J.H., Wang, L., Huang, H., Jiao, S., Huang, L., Zhang, S., Jiang, Z.: A study of the tribological behaviour of TiO2 nano-additive water-based Lubricants. Tribol. Int. 109, 398–408 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang, H., Liu, Q., Li, W., Zheng, D., Bo, Z., Jiang, L.: Colloidal synthesis of lettuce-like copper sulfide for light-gating heterogeneous nanochannels. ACS Nano 10, 3606–3613 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, L.: Synthetic methods of CuS nanoparticles and their applications for imaging and cancer therapy. RSC Adv. 6, 82596–82615 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ramadan, S., Guo, L., Li, Y.J., Yan, B.F., Lu, W.: Hollow copper sulfide nanoparticle-mediated transdermal drug delivery. Small 8, 3143–3150 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jain, K.K.: Role of nanobiotechnology in developing personalized medicine for cancer. Technol. Cancer Res. T. 4, 645–650 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Roy, P., Srivastava, S.K.: Hydrothermal growth of CuS nanowires from Cu-dithiooxamide, a novel single-source precursor. Cryst. Growth Des. 6, 1921–1926 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang, Z.K., Song, L.X., Teng, Y., Xia, J.: Ethylenediamine-modulated synthesis of highly monodisperse copper sulfide microflowers with excellent photocatalytic performance. J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 20004–20009 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang, H.Y., Hua, X.W., Wu, F.G., Li, B., Liu, P., Gu, N., Wang, Z.: Synthesis of ultrastable copper sulfide nanoclusters via trapping the reaction intermediate: potential anticancer and antibacterial applications. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 7082–7092 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhu, W.H., Wang, H., Shen, B., Kang, J.M., Guo, X.H., Zhu, H.F.: In-situ synthesis and tribology property of oleic acid-modified CuS nanoparticles. Acta. Phys-Chim. Sin. 22, 552–556 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kang, X.H., Wang, B., Zhu, L., Zhu, H.: Synthesis and tribological property study of oleic acid-modified copper sulfide nanoparticles. Wear 265, 150–154 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gu, C.: Modifying the lubricating and tribological properties via introducing the oleic acid in CuS nanomaterials for vehicle. Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 1–6 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen, L., Zhu, D.: Preparation and tribological properties of unmodified and oleic acid-modified CuS nanorods as lubricating oil additives. Ceram. Int. 43, 4246–4251 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liu, C., Friedman, O., Meng, Y., Tian, Y., Golan, Y.: CuS nanoparticle additives for enhanced ester lubricant performance. ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1, 7060–7065 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kovacı, H., Akaltun, Y., Yetim, A.F., Uzun, Y., Çelik, A.: Investigation of the usage possibility of CuO and CuS thin films produced by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) as solid lubricant. Surf. Coat. Tech. 344, 522–527 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang, Y.D., Huang, B.J., Li, P.J., Wang, X.M., Zhang, Y.G.: Tribological performance of CuS-ZnO nanocomposite film: the effect of CuS doping. Tribol. Int. 58, 7–11 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang, H.J., Zhang, Z.Z., Guo, F., Wei, J.: Surface modification of CuS nanoparticles and their effect on the tribological properties of hybrid PTFE/kevlar fabric/phenolic composite. J. Compos. Mater. 44, 2461–2472 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang, Y., Liu, F., Ji, Y., Yang, M., Liu, W., Wang, W., Sun, Q., Zhang, Z., Zhao, X., Liu, X.: Controllable synthesis of various kinds of copper sulfides (CuS, Cu7S4, Cu9S5) for high-performance supercapacitors. Dalton Trans. 44, 10431–10437 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yang, Z.K., Song, L.X., Teng, Y., Xia, J.: Ethylenediamine-modulated synthesis of highly monodisperse copper sulfide microflowers with excellent photocatalytic performance. J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 20004–20009 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Nethravathi, C., Nath, R., Rajamathi, J.T., Rajamathi, M.: Microwave- assisted synthesis of porous aggregates of CuS nanoparticles for sunlight photocatalysis. ACS Omega 4, 4825–4831 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang, Z., Rafai, S., Qiao, C., Jia, J., Zhu, Y., Ma, X., Cao, C.: Microwave- assisted synthesis of CuS hierarchical nanosheets as the cathode material for high-capacity rechargeable magnesium batteries. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11, 7046–7054 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Xie, Y., Carbone, L., Nobile, C., Grillo, V., D′Agostino, S., Della Sala, F., Giannini, C., Altamura, D., Oelsner, C., Kryschi, C., Cozzoli, P.D.: Metallic-like stoichiometric copper sulfide nanocrystals: phase- and shape-selective synthesis, near-infrared surface plasmon resonance properties, and their modeling. ACS Nano 7, 7352–7369 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tang, Z., Im, S.H., Kim, W.S., Yu, T.: Facile aqueous-phase synthesis of copper sulfide nanofibers. J. Cryst. Growth 469, 172–175 (2017)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhao, J., Yang, G., Zhang, C., Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., Zhang, P.: Synthesis of water-soluble Cu nanoparticles and evaluation of their tribological properties and thermal conductivity as a water-based additive. Friction 7, 246–259 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Singh, S.K., Kumar, V., Drew, M.G.B., Singh, N.: Syntheses, crystal structures and photoluminescent properties of new heteroleptic Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes of ferrocene functionalized dithiocarbamate-and dipyrromethene ligands. Inorg. Chem. Commun. 37, 151–154 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yang, G., Zhang, Z., Zhang, S., Yu, L., Zhang, P.: Synthesis and characterization of highly stable dispersions of copper nanoparticles by a novel one-pot method. Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1716–1719 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jiang, Z., Zhang, Y., Yang, G., Ma, J., Zhang, S., Yu, L., Zhang, P.: Tribological properties of tungsten disulfide nanoparticles surface capped by oleylamine and maleic anhydride dodecyl ester as additive in diisooctylsebacate. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56, 1365–1375 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Fan, M., Du, X., Ma, L., Wen, P., Zhang, S., Dong, R., Sun, W., Yang, D., Zhou, F., Liu, W.: In situ preparation of multifunctional additives in water. Tribol. Int. 130, 317–323 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Yang, G., Wu, Z., Zhang, P.: Study on the tribological behaviors of polyelectrolyte multilayers containing copper hydroxide nanoparticles. Tribol. Lett. 25, 55–60 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Jiang, H., Zhang, Q., Shi, L.: Effective thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubebased nanofluid. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 55, 76–81 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Mahian, O., Kianifar, A., Heris, S.Z., Wongwises, S.: First and second laws analysis of a minichannel-based solar collector using boehmite alumina nanofluids: effects of nanoparticle shape and tube materials. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 78, 1166–1176 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Murshed, S., Leong, K., Yang, C.: A combined model for the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. Appl. Therm. Eng. 29, 2477–2483 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Liew, P.J., Shaaroni, A., Sidik, N.A., Yan, J.: An overview of current status of cutting fluids and cooling techniques of turning hard steel. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 114, 380–394 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Center for NanomaterialsHenan UniversityKaifengChina

Personalised recommendations