Tribology Letters

, 67:74 | Cite as

Viscoelasticity of Rubber–Ice Interfaces Under Shear Studied Using Low-Temperature Surface Forces Apparatus

  • Sylvain Hemmette
  • Motohiro Kasuya
  • Florian Lecadre
  • Yuji Kanno
  • Denis Mazuyer
  • Juliette Cayer-Barrioz
  • Kazue KuriharaEmail author
Original Paper


We performed resonance shear measurement (RSM) based on a low-temperature surface forces apparatus to evaluate the viscoelastic properties of the interfaces between rubber and ice. This method was applied to three kinds of rubbers used for the tire tread, which exhibited different viscoelasticities. These rubbers contained some fillers and exhibited bumps on their surfaces of which the rms roughness was ca. 120 nm. A rubber studied as a reference was a rubber without fillers, and showed much smoother surfaces than the other three samples. In the case of the reference rubber, both the elastic (k2) and viscous components (b2) increased with the increasing L; however, the normalized k2 and b2 by the contact area between two surfaces (A) were constant at the various L’s. This result indicated that the observed increases in k2 and b2 for the reference rubber were only attributed to the increases in A. On the other hand, in the case of the other rubber samples, the normalized k2 and b2 by A decreased with the increasing L at a L < 10 mN and became almost constant at L > 20 mN. This result suggested that characterization of the interfaces of the rough rubber films should be performed at a great enough L in order to avoid the influence of the multiple asperity contact at a lower L. The viscoelastic properties of the interface at a high L were compared with those of the bulk rubbers.


Friction Viscoelasticity Resonance shear measurement Rubber Ice Interface Surface forces apparatus SFA 


Supplementary material

11249_2019_1187_MOESM1_ESM.docx (798 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 797 kb)


  1. 1.
    Ella, S., Formagne, P.Y., Koutsos, V., Blackford, J.R.: Investigation of rubber friction on snow for tyres. Tribol. Int. 59, 292–301 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Millet, G., Otis, M., Horodniczy, D., Cooperstock, J.R.: Design of variable-friction devices for shoe-floor contact. Mechatronics 46, 115–125 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kriston, A., Isitman, N.A., Fulop, T., Tuononen, A.J.: Structural evolution and wear of ice surface during rubber–ice contact. Tribol. Int. 93, 257–268 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Higgins, D.D., Marmo, B.A., Jeffree, C.E., Koutsos, V., Blackford, J.R.: Morphology of ice wear from rubber–ice friction tests and its dependence on temperature and sliding velocity. Wear 265, 634–644 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tuononen, A.J., Kriston, A., Persson, B.: Multiscale physics of rubber–ice friction. J. Chem. Phys. 145, 114703 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Isitman, N.A., Kriston, A., Fulop, T.: Role of rubber stiffness and surface roughness in tribological performance on ice. Tribol. Trans. 61, 295–303 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lahayne, O., Pichler, B., Reihsner, R., Eberhardsteiner, J., Suh, J., Kim, D., Nam, S., Paek, H., Lorenz, B., Persson, B.N.J.: Rubber friction on ice: experiments and modeling. Tribol. Lett. 62, 17 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Israelachvili, J.N., McGuiggan, P.M., Homola, A.M.: Dynamic properties of molecularly thin liquid films. Science 240, 189–191 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alsten, J.V., Granick, S.: Molecular tribometry of ultrathin liquid films. Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2570–2573 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Klein, J., Kumacheva, E.: Confinement-induced phase transitions in simple liquids. Science 269, 816–818 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dushkin, C.D., Kurihara, K.: A nanotribology of thin liquid-crystal films studied by the shear force resonance method. Colloids Surf. A 129–130, 131–139 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mizukami, M., Kurihara, K.: A new physical model for resonance shear measurement of confined liquids between solid surfaces. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 113705 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ren, H.Y., Mizukami, M., Tanabe, T., Furukawa, H., Kurihara, K.: Friction of polymer hydrogels studied by resonance shear measurements. Soft Matter 11, 6192–6200 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mizukami, M., Ren, H.-Y., Furukawa, H., Kurihara, K.: Deformation of contacting interface between polymer hydrogel and silica sphere studied by resonance shear measurement. J. Chem. Phys. 149(16), 163327 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lecadre, F., Kasuya, M., Harano, A., Kanno, Y., Kurihara, K.: Low-temperature surface forces apparatus to determine the interactions between ice and silica surfaces. Langmuir 34, 11311–11315 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kawai, H., Sakuma, H., Mizukami, M., Abe, T., Fukao, Y., Tajima, H., Kurihara, K.: New surface forces apparatus using two-beam interferometry. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 043701 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mizukami, M., Hemette, S., Kurihara, K.: Mechanical model analysis for resonance shear measurement. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 90, 055110 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials (IMRAM)Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.New Industry Creation Hatchery Center (NICHe)Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Nihon Michelin Tire Co., Ltd.,TokyoJapan
  4. 4.Laboratoire de Tribologie et de Dynamique des Systemes, UMR 5513Ecole Centrale de LyonEcullyFrance

Personalised recommendations