Adhesion force is among the most influencing factors in micro- and nano-mechanics. A liquid bridge between two bodies gives rise to the adhesion force, which usually acts as additional normal load. However, the adhesion force acts also in lateral. We measured the lateral adhesion force of a sheared liquid bridge between parallel plates. In addition, movement of contact lines is tracked by using an image processing technique, which allowed us to introduce an effective shear displacement. The lateral adhesion force has a linear relation with the effective shear displacement. It shows good agreement between experimental result and the analytical approach regarding changes of interfacial energy with simple rectangular shape of the liquid bridge. We further revealed that there is no contact line in pinned state even in the case with the very beginning of the sheared process. In this regard, however, the contact line on rougher surface is awkward in its movement. Therefore, the liquid bridge between two rougher surfaces has higher effective shear displacement, and it results in the higher lateral adhesion force.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Derler, S., Gerhardt, L.-C.: Tribology of skin: review and analysis of experimental results for the friction coefficient of human skin. Tribol. Lett. 45, 1–27 (2012)
Mate, C.M.: Tribology on the Small Scale: a Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear (Mesoscopic Physics and Nanotechnology). Oxford University Press, New York (2008)
Perrson, B.N.J.: Sliding Friction: Physical Principles and Applications, 2nd edn. Springer, New York (2000)
Zhang, W., Meng, G., Li, H.: Electrostatic micromotor and Its reliability. Microelectron. Reliab. 45, 1230–1242 (2005)
Pilat, D.W., Papadopoulos, P., Schäffel, D., Vollmer, D., Berger, R., Butt, H.-J.: Dynamic measurement of the force required to move a liquid drop on a solid surface. Langmuir 28, 16812–16820 (2012)
Yost, B., McGroarty, J., Børgesen, P., Li, C.Y.: Shape of a nonaxisymmetric liquid solder drop constrained by parallel plates. IEEE Trans. Compon. Hybr. 16, 523–526 (1993)
Lambert, P., Mastrangeli, M., Valsamis, J.-B., Degrez, G.: Spectral analysis and experimental study of lateral capillary dynamics for flip-chip applications. Microfluid. Nanofluid. 9, 797–807 (2010)
Chang, Y.-R., Chang, H.-M., Lina, C.-F., Liua, T.-J., Wuatsuoka, P.-Y.: Three minimum wet thickness regions of slot die coating. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 308, 222–230 (2007)
Suzuki, K., Uyeda, Y.: Load-carrying capacity and friction characteristics of a water droplet on hydrophobic surfaces. Tribol. Lett. 15, 77–82 (2003)
Bowden, F. P.: Friction on snow ice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A 217, 462–478 (1953)
Colbeck, S.C.: The kinetic friction of snow. J.Glaciol. 34, 78–86 (1988)
Mastrangeli, M., Valsamis, J.-B., Van Hoof, C., Celis, J.-P., Lambert, P.: Lateral capillary forces of cylindrical fluid menisci: a comprehensive quasi-static study. J. Micromech. Microeng. 20, 075041 (2010)
Mastrangeli, M., Arutinov, G., Smits, E.C.P., Lambert, P.: Modeling capillary forces for large displacements. Microfluid. Nanofluid. 18, 695–708 (2015)
de Gennes, P.-G., Brochard-Wyart, F., Quéré, D.: Capillarity and Wetting Phenomena, Drops, Bubbles, Pearls Waves. Springer, New York (2004)
Furmidge, C.G.L.: Studies at phase interfaces, I. The sliding of liquid drops on solid surfaces and a theory for spray retention. J. Colloid Sci. 17, 309–324 (1962)
Lucas, B.D., Kanade, T.: An iterative image registration technique with an application to stereo vision. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 674–679 (1981)
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 15562555 and 13274453.
About this article
Cite this article
Tanaka, K., Iwamoto, K. Effective Shear Displacement on Lateral Adhesion Force of a Liquid Bridge Between Separated Plates. Tribol Lett 64, 9 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-016-0744-1