Regulation of genome edited technologies in India


In India, genetically modified organisms and products thereof are regulated under the “Rules for the manufacture, use, import, export and storage of hazardous microorganisms, genetically engineered organisms or cells, 1989” (referred to as Rules, 1989) notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. These Rules are implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Department of Biotechnology and State Governments though six competent authorities. The Rules, 1989 are supported by series of guidelines on contained research, biologics, confined field trials, food safety assessment, environmental risk assessment etc. The definition of genetic engineering in the Rules, 1989 implies that new genome engineering technologies including gene editing technologies like CRISPR/Cas9 and gene drives may be covered under the rules. The regulatory authorities if required, may also review the experiences of other countries in dealing with such new and emerging technologies.

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Correspondence to Murali Krishna Chimata.

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The views expressed by the author in this publication are presented in his individual capacity at OECD Conference and does not reflect the opinion/views of Government of India or Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

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Chimata, M.K., Bharti, G. Regulation of genome edited technologies in India. Transgenic Res 28, 175–181 (2019).

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  • Regulation
  • Genome editing
  • India
  • GEAC