Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 58, Issue 18–20, pp 1181–1192 | Cite as

On the Effect of Cu on the Activity of Carbon Supported Ni Nanoparticles for Hydrogen Electrode Reactions in Alkaline Medium

  • Alexandr G. Oshchepkov
  • Pavel A. Simonov
  • Olga V. Cherstiouk
  • Renat R. Nazmutdinov
  • Dmitrii V. Glukhov
  • Vladimir I. Zaikovskii
  • Tatyana Yu. Kardash
  • Ren I. Kvon
  • Antoine Bonnefont
  • Alexandr N. Simonov
  • Valentin N. Parmon
  • Elena R. Savinova
Original Paper

Abstract

Effects of adding varied amounts of copper to carbon-supported nickel particles on their structure, composition and electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen oxidation and evolution reactions in alkaline medium have been explored. Ni1-xCux/C catalysts were prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation. Comprehensive characterization of the catalysts included X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic, transmission electron microscopic and cyclic voltammetric analyses, while atomistic Monte Carlo simulations have been undertaken to obtain further insights into the structure of the bimetallic NiCu nanoparticles. We found that compared to monometallic Ni, NiCu nanoparticles show lower propensity towards oxidation under ambient conditions. Furthermore, we report that adding Cu allows increasing the surface-weighted electrocatalytic activity, and the specific surface area of Ni1-xCux/C electrodes, both contributing to a ca four-fold enhancement of the mass-weighted activity. The nature of the synergistic interactions between Ni and Cu is proposed on the basis of the analysis of experimental data and Monte Carlo structural modelling results.

Keywords

Hydrogen oxidation and evolution reactions Alkaline solutions Nickel Copper Carbon support Monte Carlo simulations 

Supplementary material

11244_2015_487_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1693 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandr G. Oshchepkov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pavel A. Simonov
    • 1
    • 4
  • Olga V. Cherstiouk
    • 1
    • 4
  • Renat R. Nazmutdinov
    • 6
  • Dmitrii V. Glukhov
    • 6
  • Vladimir I. Zaikovskii
    • 1
    • 4
  • Tatyana Yu. Kardash
    • 1
    • 5
  • Ren I. Kvon
    • 1
  • Antoine Bonnefont
    • 3
  • Alexandr N. Simonov
    • 7
  • Valentin N. Parmon
    • 1
    • 4
  • Elena R. Savinova
    • 2
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of CatalysisNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Institut de Chimie et Procédés pour l’Energie, l’Environnement et la SantéUMR 7515 CNRS-University of StrasbourgStrasbourg CedexFrance
  3. 3.Institut de Chimie de StrasbourgUMR 7177 CNRS-University of StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  4. 4.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  5. 5.Research and Educational Center for Energy Efficient CatalysisNovosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  6. 6.Kazan National Research Technological UniversityKazanRussia
  7. 7.School of ChemistryMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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