Activity Enhancement of W–CeZr Oxide Catalysts by SO2 Treatment in NH3-SCR

An Erratum to this article is available

Abstract

The impact of sulphur and hydrothermal aging on W–CeZr and CeZr catalysts was investigated. Sulphur treatments for W–CeZr and CeZr were done in the absence and presence of water (S- and S + H2O-treatments, respectively) for 5 h at 400 °C. Similarly, hydrothermal aging (H2O-treatment) for W–CeZr and CeZr catalysts was done in a gas phase. The W and S contents were analyzed using XRF. The studied catalysts were characterized by BET, BJH, DRIFTS, XPS and NH3 desorption methods. In addition, the activity of the catalysts was tested in NH3-SCR reaction. The NOx conversion over the fresh W–CeZr catalyst was 85 % at 350 °C whereas the fresh CeZr was not active in NOx reduction. In the case of W–CeZr and CeZr catalysts, S + H2O and S-treatments increased the NOx conversion up to 92–98 % at the temperature range of 350–400 °C. The increased portion of chemisorbed oxygen due to S- and S + H2O-treatments enhances the NOx reduction reactions. The water treatment had no effect on the NH3-SCR activity which indicates that the S-compounds are the major reason for enhanced activity.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. 1.

    Directive 715/2007/EC of the European Parliament and Council

  2. 2.

    Smith SJ, van Aardenne J, Klimont Z, Andres RJ, Volke A, Delgado Arias S (2011) Atmos Chem Phys 11:1101–1116

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Bowman CT (1991) In: Bartok W, Sarofim AF (eds) Fossil fuel combustion. Wiley, New York

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Qi G, Wang Y, Yang RT (2008) Catal Lett 121:111–117

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    de Oliveira MLM, Silva CM, Moreno-Tost R, Farias TL, Jimenez-Lopez A, Rodriguez-Castellon E (2009) Appl Catal A 366:13–21

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    de Oliveira MLM, Silva CM, Moreno-Tost R, Farias TL, Jimenez-Lopez A, Rodriguez-Castellon E (2009) Appl Catal B 88:420–429

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Huang Z, Zhu Z, Liu Z (2002) Appl Catal B 39:361–368

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Bai S, Zhao J, Wang L, Zhu Z (2010) Catal Today 158:393–400

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Magnusson M, Fridell E, Ingelsten HH (2012) Appl Catal B 111–112:20–26

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Chapman DM (2011) Appl Catal A 392:143–150

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Domingo JL (1996) Reprod Toxicol 10:175–182

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Bruce G (2011) In: Nriagu JO (ed) Encyclopedia of environmental health. Elsevier, Burlington

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Daturi M, Finocchio E, Binet C, Lavalley JC, Fally F, Perrichon V (1999) J Phys Chem B 103:4884–4891

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Daturi M, Bion N, Saussey J, Lavalley JC, Hedouin C, Seguelong T, Blanchard G (2001) Phys Chem Chem Phys 3:252–255

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Graham GW, Jen HW, McCabe RW, Straccia AM, Haack LP (2000) Catal Lett 67:99–105

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Rohart E, Larcher O, Deutsch S, Hedouin C, Aımin H, Fajardie F, Allain M, Macaudiere P (2004) Top Catal 30–31:417–423

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Adamowska M, Muller S, Da Costa P, Krzton A, Burg P (2007) Appl Catal B 74:278–289

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Chen L, Weng D, Si Z, Wu X (2012) Prog Nat Sci 22:265–272

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Daturi M, Finocchio E, Binet C, Lavalley JC, Fally F, Perrichon V, Vidal H, Hickey N, Kaspar J (2000) J Phys Chem B 104:9186–9194

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Vidal H, Kaspar J, Pijolat M, Colon G, Bernal S, Cordon A, Perrichon V, Fally F (2000) Appl Catal B 27:49–63

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Zhang R, Teoh WY, Amal R, Chen B, Kaliaguine S (2010) J Catal 272:210–219

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Wang Z, Qu Z, Quan X, Wang H (2012) Appl Catal A 411–412:131–138

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Atribak I, Guillen-Hurtado N, Bueno-Lopez A, Garcia-Garcia A (2010) Appl Surf Sci 256:7706–7712

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Guillen-Hurtado N, Atribak I, Bueno-Lopez A, Garcia-Garcia A (2010) J Mol Catal A 323:52–58

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Gu T, Liu Y, Weng X, Wang H, Wu Z (2010) Catal Commun 12:310–313

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Wang M, Si Z, Chen L, Wu X, Yu J (2013) J Rare Earths 31:1148–1156

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Si Z, Weng D, Wu X, Yang J, Wang B (2010) Catal Commun 11:1045–1048

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Chang H, Ma L, Yang S, Li J, Chen L, Wang W, Hao J (2013) J Hazard Mater 262:782–788

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Li Y, Cheng H, Li D, Qin Y, Xie Y, Wang S (2008) Chem Commun 1470–1472

  30. 30.

    Väliheikki A, Kolli T, Huuhtanen M, Maunula T, Kinnunen T, Keiski RL (2012), Conference paper in “East meets west on innovation and entrepreneurship 2012”, conference proceedings 327–334, ISBN: 978-9963-700-57-8

  31. 31.

    Väliheikki A, Petallidou KC, Kalamaras CM, Kolli T, Huuhtanen M, Maunula T, Keiski RL, Efstathiou AM (2014) Appl Catal B 156–157:72–83

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Baidya T, Bernhard A, Elsener M, Kröcher O (2013) Top Catal 56:23–28

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Kolli T, Huuhtanen M, Hallikainen A, Kallinen K, Keiski RL (2009) Catal Lett 127:49–54

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Kang M, Duck Park E, Man Kim J, Eui Yie J (2007) Appl Catal A 327:261–269

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Gao S, Chen X, Wang H, Mo J, Wu Z, Liu Y, Weng X (2013) J Colloid Interface Sci 394:515–521

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Cao F, Xiang J, Su S, Wang P, Sun L, Hu S, Lei S (2014) Chem Eng J 243:347–354

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    Ardizzone S, Bianchi CL, Grassi E (1998) Colloids Surf A 135:41–51

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Xie FY, Gong L, Liu X, Tao YT, Zhang WH, Chen SH, Meng H, Chen J (2012) J Electron Spectrosc Relat Phenom 185:112–118

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    Xiao T, Wang XY, Zhao ZH, Li L, Zhang L, Yao HC, Wang JS, Li ZJ (2014) Sensor Actuator B 199:210–219

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Descostes M, Mercier F, Thromat N, Beaucaire C, Gautier-Soyer M (2000) Appl Surf Sci 165:288–302

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    de Rivas B, Sampedro C, Garcia-Real M, Lopez-Fonseca R, Gutierrez-Ortiz JI (2013) Appl Catal B 129:225–235

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    Bu Y, Zhong Q, Xu D, Tan W (2013) J Alloys Compd 578:60–66

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    Mao W, Ma H, Wang B (2009) J Hazard Mater 167:707–712

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    Fan G, Shen M, Zhang Z, Jia F (2009) J Rare Earths 27:437–442

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    Masui T, Hirai H, Hamada R, Imanaka N, Adachi G, Sakata T, Mori H (2003) J Mater Chem 13:622–627

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    Si Z, Weng D, Wu X, Ran R, Ma Z (2012) Catal Commun 17:146–149

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    Ji Y, Toops TJ, Pihl JA, Crocker M (2009) Appl Catal B 91:329–338

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    Wang Y, Shen X, Chen F (2014) J Mol Catal A 381:38–45

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    Kustov AL, Kustova MY, Fehrmann R, Simonsen P (2005) Appl Catal B 58:97–104

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    Bazin P, Saur O, Meunier FC, Daturi M, Lavalley JC, Le Govic AM, Harle V, Blanchard G (2009) Appl Catal B 90:368–379

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    Azambre B, Zenboury L, Weber JV, Burg P (2010) Appl Surf Sci 256:4570–4581

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    Luo T, Gorte RJ (2004) Appl Catal B 53:77–85

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    Burcham LJ, Wachs IE (1998) Spectrochim Acta Part A 54:1355–1368

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. 54.

    Choo ST, Yim SD, Nam IS, Ham SW, Lee JB (2003) Appl Catal B 44:237–252

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  55. 55.

    Kröcher O, Elsener M (2008) Ind Eng Chem 47:8588–8593

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. 56.

    Väliheikki A, Kolli T, Huuhtanen M, Maunula T, Kinnunen T, Keiski RL (2013) Top Catal 56:602–610

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. 57.

    Busca G, Lietti L, Ramis G, Berti F (1998) Appl Catal B 18:1–36

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  58. 58.

    Notoya F, Su C, Sasaoka E (2001) Ind Eng Chem Res 40:3732–3739

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  59. 59.

    Zhao W, Zhong Q, Pan Y, Zhang R (2013) Chem Eng J 228:815–823

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  60. 60.

    Xu W, He H, Yu Y (2009) J Phys Chem C 113:4426–4432

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  61. 61.

    Si Z, Weng D, Wu X, Yang J (2010) J Rare Earths 28:727–731

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  62. 62.

    Xu H, Zhang Q, Qiu C, Lin T, Gong M, Chen Y (2012) Chem Eng Sci 76:120–128

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  63. 63.

    Ham SW, Nam IS (2002) In: Spivey JJ (ed) Catalysis, vol 16. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the financial support from Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation via the Cleen Ltd’s Future Combustion Engine Power Plant (FCEP) programme and the Academy of Finland (ACABIO Project, 139187). The authors are also grateful to the Center of Microscopy and Nanotechnology (CMNT) institute for providing guidance and experience for XPS experiments.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ari Väliheikki.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Väliheikki, A., Kolli, T., Huuhtanen, M. et al. Activity Enhancement of W–CeZr Oxide Catalysts by SO2 Treatment in NH3-SCR. Top Catal 58, 1002–1011 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-015-0469-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Sulphur dioxide
  • Ceria–zirconia
  • Tungsten
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • NH3-SCR