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In-Situ Infrared Study of the Synthesis of Polyaniline Under Acid and Neutral pH

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Abstract

In-situ infrared study of polyaniline (PANI) synthesis showed that the reaction initiated at pH = 1.5 produced a granule PANI microstructure via para-linked dimers of 4-aminodiphenylamine, exhibiting γ(C–H) at 802 cm−1; the reaction initiated at pH = 5.0 and 7.0 produce fiberous, and planar microstructures via ortho-linked dimers of 1,2-aminodiphenylamine and phenazine, exhibiting γ(C–H) at 738 and ν(C=N) at 1446 cm−1. The doped PANI that was produced at pH less than 5.0 showed a feature-less IR background absorption above 1600 cm−1. This absorption could correspond to π-electron delocalization as an indicative of polyaniline conductivity.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by The University of Akron Faculty Research Initiation Fund, 201812.

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Correspondence to Steven S. C. Chuang.

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Lohrasbi, M., Hedayat, N. & Chuang, S.S.C. In-Situ Infrared Study of the Synthesis of Polyaniline Under Acid and Neutral pH. Top Catal 57, 1570–1575 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-014-0334-0

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