Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to a Biodiesel Component Over Ionic Liquid Modified Zeolites

Abstract

In this work, ionic liquid (IL) modified H-Beta zeolites were prepared and the physicochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated. IL modified zeolites were applied in 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) etherification to tert-butoxymethylfurfural (tBMF) which is a potential (bio)diesel component. The best catalyst, IL-H-Beta-25, yielded at BMF selectivity of 76 % corresponding to a HMF conversion of 46 %.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Scheme 1
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. 1.

    Alonso DM, Bond JQ, Dumesic JA (2010) Green Chem 12:1493

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Mäki-Arvela P, Salminen E, Riittonen T, Virtanen P, Kumar N, Mikkola J-P (2012) Int J Chem Eng 2012:1–10

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Gruter GJM (2012) US Patent, US20100218416A1

  4. 4.

    Mun J, Sim H (2012) Handbook of ionic liquids. Nova Science Publishers Inc., New York

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Bonhote P, Dias A, Papageorgiou N, Kalyanasundaram K, Gräzel M (1996) Inorg Chem 35:1168

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Sheldon R (2001) Chem Commun 2399

  7. 7.

    Gordon CM (2001) Appl Catal 222:201

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Mikkola J-P, Virtanen P, Karhu H, Salmi T, Murzin DY (2006) Green Chem 8:197

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Mehnert CP, Mozeleski EJ, Cook RA (2002) Chem Commun 3010

  10. 10.

    Hara P, Mikkola J-P, Murzin DY, Kanerva LT (2010) J Mol Catal B 67:129

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Virtanen P, Karhu H, Kordas K, Mikkola J-P (2007) Chem Eng Sci 62:3660

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Valkenberg MH, deCastro C, Hölderich WF (2002) Green Chem 4:88

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Shi F, Zhang Q, Li D, Deng Y (2005) Chem Eur J 11:5279

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Kim DW, Chi DY (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:483

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Mallick B (2009) Ionische Flüssigkeiten auf Basis von komplexen Übergangsmetallhalogeniden. PhD Thesis, University of Cologne

  16. 16.

    Lanzafame P, Temi D, Perathoner S, Centi G, Macario A, Aloise A, Giordano G (2011) Catal Today 175:435

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Kim J, Kim D, Han J, Kang M, Kim JM, Yie J (2003) Catal Today 87:195

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Coker E, Roelofsen D, Barrer R, Jansen J, Bekkum H (1998) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 22:261

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work is part of the activities at the Åbo Akademi Process Chemistry Centre within the Finnish Centre of Excellence Program (2000–2011) appointed by the Academy of Finland. The Academy of Finland is gratefully acknowledged for financial support. In Sweden, the Bio4Energy Programme and Kempe Foundations are acknowledged. The Cost action CM0903 (UbioChem) is also acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Eero Salminen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Salminen, E., Kumar, N., Virtanen, P. et al. Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to a Biodiesel Component Over Ionic Liquid Modified Zeolites. Top Catal 56, 765–769 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-013-0035-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Etherification
  • HMF
  • Ionic liquids
  • SILCA