Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to a Biodiesel Component Over Ionic Liquid Modified Zeolites


In this work, ionic liquid (IL) modified H-Beta zeolites were prepared and the physicochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated. IL modified zeolites were applied in 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) etherification to tert-butoxymethylfurfural (tBMF) which is a potential (bio)diesel component. The best catalyst, IL-H-Beta-25, yielded at BMF selectivity of 76 % corresponding to a HMF conversion of 46 %.

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This work is part of the activities at the Åbo Akademi Process Chemistry Centre within the Finnish Centre of Excellence Program (2000–2011) appointed by the Academy of Finland. The Academy of Finland is gratefully acknowledged for financial support. In Sweden, the Bio4Energy Programme and Kempe Foundations are acknowledged. The Cost action CM0903 (UbioChem) is also acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Eero Salminen.

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Salminen, E., Kumar, N., Virtanen, P. et al. Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to a Biodiesel Component Over Ionic Liquid Modified Zeolites. Top Catal 56, 765–769 (2013).

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  • Etherification
  • HMF
  • Ionic liquids