Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 53, Issue 11–12, pp 763–772 | Cite as

Mesoporous Tin-Triflate Based Catalysts for Transesterification of Sunflower Oil

  • M. Verziu
  • J. El Haskouri
  • D. Beltran
  • P. Amoros
  • D. Macovei
  • N. G. Gheorghe
  • C. M. Teodorescu
  • S. M. Coman
  • V. I. ParvulescuEmail author
Original paper


Unimodal porous system (denoted as SnTf-MCM-41) and bimodal porosity (denoted as SnTf-UVM-7) were prepared in a two-step synthesis. The triflic acid was incorporated into previously synthesized Sn-containing porous silicas. Chemical analysis was carried out by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), textural properties were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and from nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms (77 K), while structural characterization by X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) measurements. The structural characterization provided evidences on the direct interaction of triflate with incorporated tin species. The acidity of these catalysts was determined from the ammonia chemisorption measurements. The catalysts have been tested for transesterification of sunflower oil under both microwave and ultrasound activation. These experiments showed a direct reaction between the acidity of the catalysts and catalytic performances. No leaching of the triflate species or catalyst deactivation have been detected over several runs.


Mesoporous materials Tin-triflate catalysts Transesterification Sunflower oil XANES XPS AES 



XAFS experiments were performed in the framework of the Hasylab long term project II-2007-0135EC. We gratefully acknowledge technical support from the beamline scientist Dr. Edmund Welter.


  1. 1.
    Demirbas A (2007) Energy Policy 35:4661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meher LC, Vidya SD, Naik SN (2006) Renew Sustain Energy Rev 10:248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Al-Widyan MI, Al-Shyoukh AO (2002) Bioresour Technol 85:253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Garcia CM, Teixeira S, Marciniuk LL, Schuchardt U (2008) Bioresour Technol 99:6608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Furuta S, Matsuhashi H, Arata K (2004) Catal Commun 5:721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vicente G, Martınez M, Aracil J (2004) Bioresour Technol 92:297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singh AP, He BB, Thompson JC, Van Gerpen JH (2006) Appl Eng Agric 22:597Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cavani F, Trifiro F, Vaccari A (1991) Catal Today 11:173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    MacLeod CS, Harvey AP, Lee AF, Wilson K (2008) Chem Eng J 135:63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Royon D, Daz M, Ellenrieder G, Locatelli S (2007) Bioresour Technol 98:648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li L, Du W, Liu D, Li W, Li Z (2006) J Mol Catal B 43:58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fukuda H, Kondo A, Noda H (2001) J Biosci Bioeng 92:405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Morin P, Hamad B, Sapaly G, Carneiro Rocha MG, Pries de Oliveira PG, Gonzalez WA, Sales EA, Essayem N (2007) Appl Catal A 330:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goff MJ, Bauer NS, Lopes S, Sutterlin WR, Suppes GJ (2004) J Am Oil Chem Soc 81:415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Alcantara R, Amores J, Canoira L, Fidalgo E, France MJ, Navarro A (2000) Biomass Bioenerg 18:515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sivasamy A, Cheah KY, Fornasiero P, Kemausuor F, Zinoviev S, Miertus S (2009) ChemSusChem 2:278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shumaker L, Crofcheck C, Tackett SA, Jimenez ES, Crocker M (2007) Catal Lett 115:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu X, He H, Wang Y, Zhu S (2007) Catal Commun 8:1107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gryglewicz S (1999) Bioresour Technol 70:249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Benjapornkulaphong S, Ngamcharussrivichai C, Bunyakiat K (2009) Chem Eng J 145:468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shu Q, Yang B, Yuan H, Qing S, Zhu G (2007) Catal Commun 8:2159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Narasimharao K, Brown DR, Lee AF, Newman AD, Siril PF, Tavener SJ, Wilson K (2007) J Catal 248:226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Giri BY, Rao KN, Devi BLAP, Lingaiah N, Suryanarayana I, Prasad RBN, Prasad PSS (2005) Catal Commun 6:788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Suwannakarn K, Lotero E, Goodwin J, Lu C (2008) J Catal 255:279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Coman SM, Pop G, Stere C, Parvulescu VI, El Haskouri J, Beltran D, Amoros P (2007) J Catal 251:388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Parvulescu VI, Coman SM, Candu N, El Haskouri J, Beltran D, Amoros P (2009) J Mater Sci 44:6693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cabrera S, El Haskouri J, Guillem C, Latorre J, Beltran A, Beltran D, Marcos MD, Amoros P (2000) Solid State Sci 2:405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    El Haskouri J, Ortiz de Zarate D, Guillem C, Latorre J, Caldes M, Beltran A, Beltran D, Descalzo AB, Rodriguez G, Martinez-Mañez R, Marcos MD, Amoros P (2002) Chem Commun 330Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Huerta L, Guillem C, Latorre J, Beltran A, Martinez-Mañez R, Marcos MD, Beltran D, Amoros P (2006) Solid State Sci 8:940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    El Haskouri J, Morales JM, Ortiz de Zárate D, Fernández L, Latorre J, Guillem C, Beltrán A, Beltrn D, Amorós P (2008) Inorg Chem 47:8267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Grandjean D, Benfield RE, Nayral C, Maisonnat A, Chaudret B (2004) J Phys Chem B 108:8876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Suzer S, Voscoboinikov T, Hallam KR, Allen GC (1996) Fres J Anal Chem 355:654Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Parvulescu VI, Grange P, Delmon B (2001) Appl Catal Environ B 33:223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lynn LC, Opila RL (1990) Surf Interface Anal 15:167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Parry-Jones AC, Weightman P, Andrews PT (1979) J Phys C 12:1587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Verziu M, Cojocaru B, Hu J, Richards R, Ciuculescu C, Filip P, Parvulescu VI (2008) Green Chem 10:373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Verziu M, Florea M, Simon S, Simon V, Filip P, Parvulescu VI, Hardacre C (2009) J Catal 263:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Verziu
    • 1
  • J. El Haskouri
    • 2
  • D. Beltran
    • 2
  • P. Amoros
    • 2
  • D. Macovei
    • 3
  • N. G. Gheorghe
    • 3
  • C. M. Teodorescu
    • 3
  • S. M. Coman
    • 1
  • V. I. Parvulescu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Technology and CatalysisUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Institut de Ciencia dels MaterialUniversitat de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.The National Institute of Materials PhysicsMagurele-BucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations