Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 361–368 | Cite as

Electrochemical promotion in O2− cells during propane oxidation

  • Christos Kokkofitis
  • George Karagiannakis
  • Michael Stoukides

The catalytic oxidation of propane was studied in an oxygen ion conducting solid electrolyte cell at 623–773 K and atmospheric total pressure. Three catalyst-electrodes were tested, Pt, Pd and Ag. Under open circuit, the technique of Solid Electrolyte Potentiometry (SEP) was used to monitor the thermodynamic activity of oxygen adsorbed on the catalyst surface during reaction. Under closed circuit, the effect of electrochemical promotion was investigated. On Pt and Pd, the promoting effect was of the “inverted volcano” type. On Pt, the reaction exhibited a strong NEMCA effect; the closed circuit rate exceeded the open circuit rate by more than three orders of magnitude. On Pd, on the other hand, the effect was hardly Faradaic. On Ag, a moderate NEMCA behavior was observed and the promoting effect was purely electrophobic. Both open and closed circuit results obtained with these three catalyst-electrodes, are evaluated and compared to each other.


propane oxidation Pt, Pd and Ag catalysts electrochemical promotion 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lee, A.F., Wilson, K., Lambert, R.M., Hubbard, C.P., Hurley, R.G., McCabe, R.W., Gandhi, H.S. 1999J. Catal.184491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Otto, K., Andino, J.M., Parks, C.L. 1991J. Catal.131243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kiwi-Minsker, L., Yuranov, I., Slavinskaia, E., Zaikovskii, V., Renken, A. 2000Catal. Today5961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yazawa, Y., Takagi, N., Yoshida, H., Komai, S., Satsuma, A., Tanaka, T., Yoshida, S., Hattori, T. 2002Appl. Catal. A: General233103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Veser, G., Ziauddin, M., Schmidt, L.D. 1999Catal. Today47219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yoshida, H., Yazawa, Y., Hattori, T. 2003Catal. Today8719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ishikawa, A., Komai, S., Satsuma, A., Hattori, T., Murakami, Y. 1994Appl. Catal. A: General11061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Burch, R., Halpin, E., Hayes, M., Ruth, K., Sullivan, J.A. 1998Appl. Catal. B: Environ.19199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu, H., Liu, L., Yang, S. 2001Appl. Catal. A: General211159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hinz, A., Skoglundh, M., Fridell, E., Anderson, A. 2001J. Catal.201247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maillet, T., Barbier, J.,Jr., Duprez, D. 1996Appl. Catal. B: Environ.9251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Noronha, F.B., Aranda, D.A.G., Ordine, A.P., Schmal, M. 2000Catal. Today57275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maillet, T., Barbier, J.,Jr., Gelin, P., Praliaud, H., Duprez, D. 2001Journal of Catalysis202367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Boehman, A.L., Niksa, S. 1996Appl. Catal. B: Environ.841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yazawa, Y., Yoshida, H., Takagi, N., Komai, S., Satsuma, A., Hattori, T. 1999J. Catal.18715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Neyestanaki, A.K., Kumar, N., Lindfors, L.-E. 1995Appl. Catal. B: Environ.795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C.G. Vayenas, M.M. Jaksic, S. Bebelis and S.G. Neophytides, in: Modern Aspects in Electrochemistry, Vol. 29, eds. J.O’.M. Bockris, B.E. Conway and W.R.E. White (Plenum, 1996), p. 57Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vayenas, C.G., Bebelis, S., Pliangos, C., Brosda, S., Tsiplakides, D. 2001Electro-chemical Activation of CatalysisKluwer Academic/PlenumNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kokkofitis, C., Karagiannakis, G., Zisekas, S., Stoukides, M. 2005J. Catal.234476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Estenfelder, M., Hahn, T., Lintz, H.-G. 2004Cat. Rev.- Sci. Eng.461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stoukides, M. 2000Cat. Rev.- Sci. Eng.421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vernoux, P., Gaillard, F., Bultel, L., Siebert, E., Primet, M. 2002J. Catal.208412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kotsionopoulos, N., Bebelis, S. 2005J. Appl. Electrochem.351253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vayenas, C.G., Bebelis, S., Yentekakis, I.V., Lintz, H.-G. 1992Catal. Today11303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bebelis, S., Vayenas, C.G. 1989J. Catal.118125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bebelis, S., Makri, M., Buekenhoudt, A., Luyten, J., Brosda, S., Petrolekas, P., Pliangos, C., Vayenas, C.G. 2000Solid State Ionics12933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Frantzis, A.D., Bebelis, S., Vayenas, C.G. 2000Solid State Ionics136–137863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yiokari, K., Bebelis, S. 2000J. Appl. Electrochem.301277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vayenas, C.G., Neophytides, S. 1991J. Catal.127645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hong, J.K., Oh, I.-H., Hong, S.-H., Lee, W.Y. 1996J. Catal.16395CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christos Kokkofitis
    • 1
  • George Karagiannakis
    • 1
  • Michael Stoukides
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentChemical Process Engineering Research InstituteThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations