Transition Metal Chemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 279–287 | Cite as

Characterisation of Ni carbonate-bearing minerals by UV–Vis–NIR spectroscopy

  • B. Jagannadha Reddy
  • Eloise C. Keeffe
  • Ray L. Frost


Four nickel carbonate-bearing minerals from Australia have been investigated to study the effect of Ni for Mg substitution. The spectra of nullaginite, zaratite, widgiemoolthalite and takovite show three main features in the range of 26,720–25,855 cm−11-band), 15,230–14,740 cm−12-band) and 9,200–9,145 cm−13-band) which are characteristic of divalent nickel in six-fold coordination. The Crystal Field Stabilization Energy (CFSE) of Ni2+ in the four carbonates is calculated from the observed 3A2g(3F) → 3T2g(3F) transition. CFSE is dependent on mineralogy, crystallinity and chemical composition (Al/Mg-content). The splitting of the ν1- and ν3-bands and non-Gaussian shape of ν3-band in the minerals are the effects of Ni-site distortion from regular octahedral. The effect of structural cation substitutions (Mg2+, Ni2+, Fe2+ and trivalent cations, Al3+, Fe3+) in the carbonate minerals is noticed on band shifts. Thus, electronic bands in the UV–Vis–NIR spectra and the overtones and combination bands of OH and carbonate ion in NIR show shifts to higher wavenumbers, particularly for widgiemoolthalite and takovite.


Carbonate Mineral Chrysotile Nickel Hydroxide Crystal Field Parameter Hydromagnesite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The financial and infra-structure support of the Queensland Research and Development Centre (QRDC-Alcan) and the Queensland University of Technology Inorganic Materials Research Program of the School of Physical and Chemical Sciences are gratefully acknowledged. The Queensland University of Technology is also acknowledged for the award of a Visiting Fellowship to B. Jagannnadha Reddy.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Jagannadha Reddy
    • 1
  • Eloise C. Keeffe
    • 1
  • Ray L. Frost
    • 1
  1. 1.Inorganic Materials Research Program, School of Physical and Chemical SciencesQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

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