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Effects of ethylene on shoot initiation, leaf yellowing, and shoot tip necrosis in roses

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This study was conducted to investigate the in vitro influence of ethylene on shoot branching and leaf yellowing in the rose cultivar Tineke by using different compounds that regulate ethylene inhibition and stimulation. Aminoethoxy vinyl glycine (AVG), silver thiosulfate (STS), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) caused enhanced apical shoot initiation and reduced leaf yellowing, via inhibition of ethylene production, in the following order: AVG > SNP > STS. In contrast, the addition of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) or 3-indoleacetic acid (IAA) stimulated ethylene production and had greater negative effects on the studied parameters than the control; the negative effects of IAA were further confirmed in combination with AVG, STS, or SNP. The effects of ethylene on apical shoot initiation and leaf yellowing in Tineke were confirmed in another rose cultivar, Innocence. Hence, this study provides strong support for the hypothesis that ethylene-inhibiting agents have beneficial effects on apical shoot initiation and reduction of leaf yellowing in other rose cultivars.

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Correspondence to Chang Kil Kim.

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Aung Htay Naing and Jun Seong Park contributed equally as first authors.

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Park, J.S., Naing, A.H. & Kim, C.K. Effects of ethylene on shoot initiation, leaf yellowing, and shoot tip necrosis in roses. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 127, 425–431 (2016).

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