Advertisement

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)

, Volume 104, Issue 3, pp 407–413 | Cite as

Field evaluation of doubled haploid plants in the Apiaceae: dill (Anethum graveolens L.), caraway (Carum carvi L.), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)

  • A. M. R. FerrieEmail author
  • T. D. Bethune
  • G. C. Arganosa
  • D. Waterer
Original Paper

Abstract

The Apiaceae family includes vegetables, as well as herb and spice crops. Compared to major crops, there have been few breeding or genetic improvement programs for any of the Apiaceae, especially the herb and spice species. Haploidy technology can be used to develop uniform, true-breeding lines, as well as to accelerate breeding programs. Field trials of dill (Anethum graveolens L.), caraway (Carum carvi L.), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) doubled haploid (DH) lines were conducted over 2–5 cropping seasons. Several of the DH dill lines had desirable agronomic characteristics such as short uniform stature along with early maturity that would be useful for crop improvement. Seed yields and the essential oil content of the seed harvested from the best performing DH dill lines were either equal to or higher than the parental line. A DH annual caraway line was identified that produced higher seed yields than the industry standard. The main constituents of the essential oil for the DH lines of both dill and caraway were similar to the parental lines. Fennel DH lines exhibited differences in height but were too late in maturity for seed production under prairie conditions. The results indicate that not only were we able to generate DH lines that could be used in a crop improvement program, but we developed DH lines that could be used directly as cultivars as these lines performed better than the industry standard (parental line).

Keywords

Caraway (Carum carvi L.) Dill (Anethum graveolens L.) Doubled haploid (DH) Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Jackie Bantle and William Hrycan for their technical assistance. Financial assistance from Saskatchewan Agriculture, Food and Rural Revitalization, Agriculture Development Fund was greatly appreciated.

References

  1. Arganosa GC, Sosulski FW, Slinkard AE (1998) Seed yields and essential oils of annual and biennial caraway (Carum carvi L.) grown in Western Canada. J Herbs Spices Med Plants 6:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bailer J, Aichinger T, Hackl G, de Hueber K, Dachler M (2001) Essential oil content and composition in commercially available dill cultivars in comparison to caraway. Ind Crop Prod 14:229–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beveridge JL, Dalziel J, Duncan HJ (1981) The assessment of some volatile organic compounds as sprout suppressants for ware and seed potatoes. Potato Res 24:61–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ferrie AMR, Bethune T, Kernan Z (2005) An overview of preliminary studies on the development of doubled haploid protocols for nutraceutical species. Acta Physiol Plant 27:735–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferrie AMR, Bethune TD, Mykytyshyn M (2010) Microspore embryogenesis in Apiaceae. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. doi: 10.1007/s11240-010-9770-0
  6. French DH (1971) Ethnobotany of the Umbelliferae. In: Heywood VH (ed) The biology and chemistry of the Umbelliferae. Linnean Society of London, Academic Press, London, pp 385–412Google Scholar
  7. Friedt W, Foroughi-Wehr B (1983) Field performance of androgenetic doubled haploid spring barley from F1 hybrids. Z Pflanzenzuchtg 90:177–184Google Scholar
  8. Helander IM, Alakomi HL, Latva-Kala K, Mattila-Sandholm T, Pol I, Smid EJ, Gorris LGM, von Wright A (1998) Characterization of the action of selected essential oil components on Gram-negative bacteria. J Agric Food Chem 46:3590–3595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lee SK, Tsao R, Peterson C, Coats JR (1997) Insecticidal activity of monoterpenoids to western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), two spotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae), and house fly (Diptera: Muscidae). J Econ Entomol 90:883–892PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Oosterhaven K, Leitao AC, Gorris LGM, Smid EJ (1996) Inhibition of potato sprout by carvone enantiomers and their bioconversion in sprouts. Potato Res 38:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Palmer CE, Keller WA, Arnison PG (1996) Utilization of Brassica haploids. In: Jain SM, Sopory SK, Veilleux RE (eds) In vitro haploid production in higher plants. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 173–192Google Scholar
  12. Park SJ, Walsh EJ, Reinbergs E, Song LSP, Kasha KJ (1976) Field performance of doubled haploid barley lines in comparison with lines developed by the pedigree and single seed descent methods. Can J Plant Sci 56:467–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Peirce A (1999) The American pharmaceutical association practical guide to natural medicines. Stonesong Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Powell W, Caligari PDS, Dunwell JM (1986) Field performance of lines derived from haploid and diploid tissues of Hordeum vulgare. Theor Appl Genet 72:458–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Salom SM, Gray JA, Alford AR, Mulesky M, Fettig CJ, Woods SA (1996) Evaluation of natural products as antifeedants for the pales weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) as a fungitoxins for leptographium procerum. J Entomol Sci 31:453–465Google Scholar
  16. Smid EJ, de Witte Y, Gorris LGM (1995) Secondary plant metabolites as control agents of postharvest penicillium rot on tulip bulbs. Postharvest Biol Technol 6:303–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Thomas WTB, Forster BP, Gertsson B (2003) Doubled haploids in breeding. In: Maluszynski M, Kasha KJ, Forster BP, Szarejko I (eds) Doubled haploid production in crop plants, a manual. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 337–349Google Scholar
  18. Weiss EA (2002) Spice crops. CABI Publishing, WallingfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. R. Ferrie
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. D. Bethune
    • 1
  • G. C. Arganosa
    • 2
  • D. Waterer
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Council/Plant Biotechnology InstituteSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

Personalised recommendations