Improving genetic transformation of European chestnut and cryopreservation of transgenic lines


The aim of the present work was to study the effect of the developmental stage of the somatic embryos and of the genotype on the genetic transformation of embryogenic lines of European chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) and the cryopreservation of the embryogenic lines that are generated. As an initial source of explants in the transformation experiments, it was found that the use of somatic embryos isolated in the globular stage or clumps of 2–3 embryos in globular/heart-shaped stages was more effective (30%) than when embryos at the cotyledonary stage were used (6.7%). All of the seven genotypes tested were transformed, and transformation efficiency was clearly genotype dependent. Three transgenic lines were successfully cryopreserved using the vitrification procedure, and the stable integration of the uidA gene into the transgenic chestnut plants that were regenerated subsequent to cryopreservation was demonstrated.

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Murashige and Skoog medium


α-Naphthaleneacetic acid


Plant vitrification solution 2


Liquid nitrogen


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The study was funded by the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spain) through the project AGL2005-00709.

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Correspondence to A. Ballester.

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Corredoira, E., San-José, M.C., Vieitez, A.M. et al. Improving genetic transformation of European chestnut and cryopreservation of transgenic lines. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 91, 281 (2007).

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  • Agrobacterium
  • Castanea sativa
  • Embryogenic lines